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Details with Side Effects
A very high percentage of patients treated with LYSODREN (mitotane) have shown at least one type of side effect. The main types of adverse reactions consist of the following:
- Gastrointestinal disturbances, which consist of anorexia, nausea or vomiting, and in some cases diarrhea, occur in about 80% of the patients.
- Central nervous system side effects occur in 40% of the patients. These consist primarily of depression as manifested by lethargy and somnolence (25%), and dizziness or vertigo (15%).
- Skin toxicity has been observed in about 15% of the cases. These skin changes consist primarily of transient skin rashes which do not seem to be dose related. In some instances, this side effect subsided while the patients were maintained on the drug without a change of dose. Infrequently occurring side effects involve the eye (visual blurring, diplopia, lens opacity, toxic retinopathy); the genitourinary system (hematuria, hemorrhagic cystitis, and albuminuria); cardiovascular system (hypertension, orthostatic hypotension, and flushing); and some miscellaneous effects including generalized aching, hyperpyrexia, and lowered protein bound iodine (PBI).
Read the Lysodren (mitotane) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects
LYSODREN (mitotane) has been reported to accelerate the metabolism of warfarin by the mechanism of hepatic microsomal enzyme induction, leading to an increase in dosage requirements for warfarin. Therefore, physicians should closely monitor patients for a change in anticoagulant dosage requirements when administering LYSODREN (mitotane) to patients on coumarin-type anticoagulants. In addition, LYSODREN (mitotane) should be given with caution to patients receiving other drugs susceptible to the influence of hepatic enzyme induction.
Read the Lysodren Drug Interactions Center for a complete guide to possible interactions
Last reviewed on RxList: 3/12/2009
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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