" March 31, 2011 -- Parents worry a lot about vaccine risks and side effects, and most of them are questioning doctors about those concerns.
A recent WebMD survey of parents found that:
- About two-thirds "...
M-M-R II Patient Information including How Should I Take
In this Article
- What is measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (M-M-R II)?
- What are the possible side effects of this vaccine (M-M-R II)?
- What is the most important information I should know about this vaccine (M-M-R II)?
- What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before receiving this vaccine (M-M-R II)?
- How is this vaccine given (M-M-R II)?
- What happens if I miss a dose (M-M-R II)?
- What happens if I overdose (M-M-R II)?
- What should I avoid before or after receiving this vaccine (M-M-R II)?
- What other drugs will affect measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (M-M-R II)?
- Where can I get more information?
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before receiving this vaccine (M-M-R II)?
You should not receive this vaccine if you are allergic to:
- neomycin (Mycifradin, Neo-Fradin, Neo-Tab); or
- if you have ever had a life-threatening allergic reaction to any vaccine containing measles, mumps, or rubella.
You should also not receive this vaccine if you have:
- a chronic disease such as asthma or other breathing disorder, diabetes, kidney disease, or blood cell disorders such as anemia;
- severe immune suppression caused by disease (such as cancer, HIV, or AIDS), or by receiving certain medicines such as steroids, chemotherapy or radiation; or
- if you are pregnant.
If you have any of these other conditions, your vaccine may need to be postponed or not given at all:
- thrombocytopenia purpura (easy bruising or bleeding);
- active tuberculosis infection;
- a history of seizures;
- a neurologic disorder or disease affecting the brain (or if this was a reaction to a previous vaccine);
- a weak immune system caused by disease, bone marrow transplant, or by using certain medicines or receiving cancer treatments;
- if you have received an immune globulin or other blood product within the past year; or
- if you have received a previous MMR vaccine within the past 28 days (4 weeks).
You can still receive a vaccine if you have a minor cold. In the case of a more severe illness with a fever or any type of infection, wait until you get better before receiving this vaccine.
You should not receive a measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine if you are pregnant. Wait until after your child is born to receive the vaccine.
Avoid becoming pregnant for at least 3 months after receiving a measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine.
Do not receive this vaccine without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
How is this vaccine given (M-M-R II)?
This vaccine is given as an injection under the skin. You will receive this injection in a doctor's office or clinic setting.
The measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine is given in a series of shots. The first shot is usually given to a child who is 12 to 15 month old. The booster shots are then given between 4 and 6 years of age. At least 28 days (4 weeks) should pass between the first and second doses of this vaccine.
Adults born after 1956 should receive at least one MMR vaccination if they have never had the diseases or received an MMR vaccine during their lifetime.
Your booster schedule may be different from these guidelines. Follow your doctor's instructions or the schedule recommended by your local health department.
Your doctor may recommend treating fever and pain with an aspirin-free pain reliever such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, and others) when the shot is given and for the next 24 hours. Follow the label directions or your doctor's instructions about how much of this medicine to take.
It is especially important to prevent fever from occurring if you have a seizure disorder such as epilepsy.
This vaccine can cause false results on a skin test for tuberculosis for up to 6 weeks. Tell any doctor who treats you if you have received a measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine within the past 4 to 6 weeks.
Additional M-M-R II Information
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
Find out what women really need.