Recommended Topic Related To:

Marplan

"Jan. 8, 2013 -- Drinking sweetened beverages -- either sugar-sweetened or diet -- may be linked with a slightly higher depression risk, while drinking coffee may slightly lower the risk.

That is the finding from a new study to be pres"...

Marplan

Marplan

SIDE EFFECTS

Adverse Findings Observed in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Trials

Systematically collected data are available from only 86 patients exposed to Marplan (isocarboxazid) , of whom only 52 received doses of ≥ 50 mg/day, including only 11 who were dosed at ≥ 60 mg/day. Because of the limited experience with systematically monitored patients receiving Marplan (isocarboxazid) at the higher end of the currently recommended dose range of up to 60 mg/day, caution is indicated in patients for whom a dose of 40 mg/day is exceeded (see WARNINGS).

The table that follows enumerates the incidence, rounded to the nearest percent, of treatment emergent adverse events that occurred among 86 depressed patients who received Marplan (isocarboxazid) at doses ranging from 20 to 80 mg/day in placebo-controlled trials of 6 weeks in duration. Events included are those occurring in 1% or more of patients treated with Marplan (isocarboxazid) and for which the incidence in patients treated with Marplan (isocarboxazid) was greater than the incidence in placebo-treated patients.

The prescriber should be aware that these figures cannot be used to predict the incidence of adverse events in the course of usual medical practice where patient characteristics and other factors differ from those which prevailed in clinical trials. Similarly, the cited frequencies cannot be compared with figures obtained from other clinical investigations involving different treatments, uses, and investigators. The cited figures, however, do provide the prescribing physician with some basis for estimating the relative contribution of drug and non-drug factors to the adverse event incidence rate in the population studied.

The commonly observed adverse event that occurred in Marplan (isocarboxazid) patients with an incidence of 5% or greater and at least twice the incidence in placebo patients were nausea, dry mouth, and dizziness (see Table). In three clinical trials for which the data were pooled, 4 of 85 (5%) patients who received placebo, 10 of 86 (12%) who received < 50 mg of Marplan (isocarboxazid) per day, and 1 of 52 (2%) who received ≥ 50 mg of Marplan (isocarboxazid) per day prematurely discontinued treatment. The most common reasons for discontinuation were dizziness, orthostatic hypotension, syncope, and dry mouth.

Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events Incidence in Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials with Marplan (isocarboxazid) Doses of 40 to 80 mg/day1

BODY SYSTEM/
ADVERSE EVENT
PLACEBO
(N=85)
MARPLAN < 50 mg
(N=86)
MARPLAN (isocarboxazid) ≥ 50 mg
(N=52)2
MISCELLANEOUS
Drowsy 0 4% 0%
Anxiety 1 2% 0%
Chills 0% 2% 0%
Forgetful 1% 2% 2%
Hyperactive 0% 2% 0%
Lethargy 0% 2% 2%
Sedation 1% 2% 0%
Syncope 0% 2% 0%
INTEGUMENTARY
Sweating 0% 2% 2%
MUSCULOSKELETAL
Heavy feeling 0% 2% 0%
CARDIOVASCULAR
Orthostatic hypotension 1% 4% 4%
Palpitations 1% 2% 0%
GASTROINTESTINAL
Dry mouth 4% 9% 6%
Constipation 6% 7% 4%
Nausea 2% 6% 4%
Diarrhea 1% 2% 0%
UROGENITAL
Impotence 0% 2% 0%
Urinary frequency 1% 2% 0%
Urinary hesitancy 0% 1% 4%
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
Headache 13% 15% 6%
Insomnia 4% 4% 6%
Sleep disturbance 0% 5% 2%
Tremor 0% 4% 4%
Myoclonic jerks 0% 2% 0%
Paresthesia 1% 2% 0%
SPECIAL SENSES
Dizziness 14% 29% 15%
1Events reported by at least 1% of patients treated with Marplan (isocarboxazid) are presented, except for those that had an incidence on placebo greater than or equal to that on Marplan (isocarboxazid) .
2All patients also received Marplan (isocarboxazid) at doses < 50 mg.

Other Events Observed During the Postmarketing Evaluation of Marplan (isocarboxazid)

Isolated cases of akathisia, ataxia, black tongue, coma, dysuria, euphoria, hematologic changes, incontinence, neuritis, photosensitivity, sexual disturbances, spider telangiectases, and urinary retention have been reported. These side effects sometimes necessitate discontinuation of therapy. In rare instances, hallucinations have been reported with high dosages, but they have disappeared upon reduction of dosage or discontinuation of therapy. Toxic amblyopia was reported in one psychiatric patient who had received isocarboxazid for about a year; no causal relationship to isocarboxazid was established. Impaired water excretion compatible with the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) has been reported.

DRUG ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE

Controlled Substance Class

Marplan (isocarboxazid) is not a controlled substance.

Physical and Psychological Dependence

Marplan (isocarboxazid) has not been systematically studied in animals or humans for its potential for abuse, tolerance, or physical dependence. There have been reports of drug dependency in patients using doses of Marplan (isocarboxazid) significantly in excess of the therapeutic range. Some of these patients had a history of previous substance abuse. The following withdrawal symptoms have been reported: restlessness, anxiety, depression, confusion, hallucinations, headache, weakness, and diarrhea. Consequently, physicians should carefully evaluate Marplan (isocarboxazid) patients for history of drug abuse and follow such patients closely, observing them for signs of misuse or abuse (eg, development of tolerance, incrementations of dose, drug-seeking behavior).

Read the Marplan (isocarboxazid) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects

DRUG INTERACTIONS

See CONTRAINDICATIONS, WARNINGS, and PRECAUTIONS sections for information on drug interactions.

Marplan (isocarboxazid) should be administered with caution to patients receiving Antabuse® (disulfiram, Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories). In a single study, rats given high intraperitoneal doses of an MAO inhibitor plus disulfiram experienced severe toxicity, including convulsions and death.

Concomitant use of Marplan (isocarboxazid) and other psychotropic agents is generally not recommended because of possible potentiating effects. This is especially true in patients who may subject themselves to an overdosage of drugs. If combination therapy is needed, careful consideration should be given to the pharmacology of all agents to be used. The monoamine oxidase inhibitory effects of Marplan (isocarboxazid) may persist for a substantial period after discontinuation of the drug, and this should be borne in mind when another drug is prescribed following Marplan (isocarboxazid) . To avoid potentiation, the physician wishing to terminate treatment with Marplan (isocarboxazid) and begin therapy with another agent should allow for an interval of 10 days.

Read the Marplan Drug Interactions Center for a complete guide to possible interactions

Last reviewed on RxList: 9/14/2007
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

A A A

Marplan - User Reviews

Marplan User Reviews

Now you can gain knowledge and insight about a drug treatment with Patient Discussions.

Here is a collection of user reviews for the medication Marplan sorted by most helpful. Patient Discussions FAQs

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

 

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.


Emotional Wellness

Get tips on therapy and treatment.

advertisement
advertisement
Use Pill Finder Find it Now See Interactions

Pill Identifier on RxList

  • quick, easy,
    pill identification

Find a Local Pharmacy

  • including 24 hour, pharmacies

Interaction Checker

  • Check potential drug interactions
Search the Medical Dictionary for Health Definitions & Medical Abbreviations