August 29, 2016
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Measles (Rubeola)

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Measles facts

  • Measles is a potentially serious disease that is caused by a virus that is easily spread.
  • Measles symptoms and signs include
  • Many patients will get sick seven to 14 days after being exposed and will start with a prodrome of fatigue, fever, loss of appetite, and malaise before the classic symptoms develop.
  • Measles can be complicated by ear infections, pneumonia, or encephalitis.
  • Measles infection of the brain (encephalitis) can cause convulsions, mental retardation, and even death.
  • There have been recent epidemics of measles in Europe and increasing outbreaks in the United States.
  • Measles in pregnant women can cause miscarriages or premature delivery.
  • Measles can be prevented through vaccination.
  • Each person not immunized against measles is at risk for measles and puts others at risk. In fact, not being properly immunized is the major risk factor for the disease.

What is measles? What does measles look like?

Measles is a highly contagious viral disease that can be fatal. In most people, the disease produces fever (temperature > 101 F [38.3 C]), a generalized rash that lasts greater than three days, cough, runny nose (coryza), and red eyes (conjunctivitis). The complications of measles that result in most deaths include pneumonia and inflammation of the brain (encephalitis).

Picture of a child with measles skin rash
Picture of a baby with measles. Source: CDC
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/12/2016

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/measles_rubeola/article.htm

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