September 3, 2015
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Measles (Rubeola) (cont.)

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What adverse reactions or side effects can occur with the measles vaccination?

Adverse reactions to measles vaccination (as part of the MMR) include fever, rash, joint aches, and low platelet count (thrombocytopenia). Some adult women will suffer joint pain that is due to the rubella component of the vaccine. The fever usually occurs seven to 12 days after the vaccination, and the rash occurs seven to 10 days after vaccination.

If a child has an egg allergy, can they still receive the measles vaccine?

Although the measles vaccine is made using chick embryos, there is no evidence of increased reactions in people with an egg allergy. Therefore the CDC recommends giving MMR vaccine to egg-allergic children without any prior skin testing or the use of special protocols.

Who should be revaccinated against measles?

The following group of people should be considered unvaccinated and should receive at least one dose of vaccine:

  • People vaccinated before their first birthday should be revaccinated.
  • Anyone known to have been vaccinated with the killed measles vaccine (KMV) should be revaccinated.
  • Anyone vaccinated with KMV who received their dose of live measles vaccine with four months of their last dose of vaccine should be revaccinated.
  • Anyone vaccinated before 1968 in whom it is not known if the vaccine was KMV or not should be revaccinated.

What is herd immunity? Why should people care if others choose not to be vaccinated?

Herd immunity is an increased effectiveness of a vaccine because significant proportion of a population is immunized. Some people do not actually develop immunity even though they have received the vaccine, and others, because of legitimate medical conditions (like cancer), cannot receive the vaccine. Those people are put at extreme risk of infection and even death by those who simply choose not to be vaccinated. It is reasonable for everyone to expect others to be vaccinated.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/6/2015

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/measles_rubeola/article.htm

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