"By Kelli Miller
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Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario, MD
March 5, 2015 -- Babies created from the DNA of two women and a man could be born as early as next year. Last month, the United Kingdom cleared the way for fert"...
(menotropins) for Injection
MENOPUR® is a preparation of gonadotropins (FSH and LH activity), extracted from the urine of postmenopausal women, which has undergone additional steps for purification.
MENOPUR® is a sterile, lyophilized powder intended for subcutaneous (SC) injection after reconstitution with sterile 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP. Each vial of MENOPUR® contains 75 International Units of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) activity and 75 International Units of luteinizing hormone (LH) activity, plus 21 mg lactose monohydrate and 0.005 mg Polysorbate 20 and Sodium Phosphate Buffer (Sodium Phosphate Dibasic, Heptahydrate and Phosphoric Acid).
The biological activity of MENOPUR® is determined using the bioassays for FSH (ovarian weight gain assay in female rats) and LH (seminal vesicle weight gain assay in male rats), modified to increase the accuracy and reproducibility of these assays. The FSH and LH activity assays are standardized using the Fourth International Standard for Urinary FSH and Urinary LH, November 2000, by the Expert Committee on Biological Standardization of the World Health Organization (WHO ECBS). Both FSH and LH are glycoproteins that are acidic and water soluble. Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) is detected in MENOPUR®.
MENOPUR® has been mixed in vitro with Bravelle® with no evidence of aggregation.
Therapeutic class: Infertility
What are the possible side effects of menotropins (Menopur, Repronex)?
Stop using menotropins and seek emergency medical attention if you experience an allergic reaction (difficulty breathing; closing of your throat; swelling of your lips, tongue, or face; or hives).
Less than 2% of female patients treated with menotropins develop ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), especially after the first cycle of therapy. Symptoms of OHSS include swelling of the hands or legs, abdominal pain and swelling, shortness of breath, weight gain, and nausea or vomiting. OHSS can be fatal. Notify your doctor immediately or seek emergency medical attention if...
What are the precautions when taking menotropins injection (Menopur)?
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other products containing follicle stimulating hormone or luteinizing hormone; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: other fertility problems (e.g., primary ovarian failure), abnormal uterine/vaginal bleeding, thyroid problems, adrenal gland problems, cancer of the reproductive organs (breast, uterus, ovary), tumor in the brain (e.g., pituitary tumor), ovarian cysts/enlarged ovaries (not due to polycystic ovary syndrome), twisting of the ovary (ovarian...
Last reviewed on RxList: 7/22/2016
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Additional Menopur Information
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