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Mental Illness (cont.)

Can Mental Illness Be Prevented?

Unfortunately, most mental illnesses are caused by a combination of factors and cannot be prevented.

How Common Is Mental Illness?

Mental illnesses are very common. In fact, they are more common than cancer, diabetes, or heart disease. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, about 25% of American adults (those ages 18 and older) and about 13% of American children (those ages 8 to 15) are diagnosed with a mental disorder during a given year.

Major depression, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia are among the U.S.'s top 10 leading causes of disability.

Mental illness does not discriminate. It can affect people of any age, income or educational level, and cultural background. Although mental illness affects both males and females, certain conditions -- such as eating disorders -- tend to occur more often in females, and other disorders -- such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) -- more commonly occur in children.

How Is Mental Illness Treated?

A mental illness, like many chronic illnesses, requires ongoing treatment. Fortunately, much progress has been made in the last two decades in treating mental illnesses. As a result, many mental conditions can be effectively treated with one or a combination of the following therapies:

  • Medication.
  • Psychotherapy.
  • Group therapy.
  • Day treatment or partial hospital treatment.
  • Specific therapies, such as cognitive-behavior therapy and behavior modification.

Other treatments available include:

  • Alternative therapies, such as water therapy, massage, and biofeedback.
  • Creative therapies, such as art therapy, music therapy, or play therapy.
  • Hypnotherapy.
  • Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).
  • Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS).
  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a newer therapy.

© 2005-2014 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.
Source article on WebMD


Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/mental_illness/article.htm

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