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Mesnex

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Mesnex

Mesnex

INDICATIONS

MESNEX is indicated as a prophylactic agent in reducing the incidence of ifosfamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis.

Limitation of Use

MESNEX is not indicated to reduce the risk of hematuria due to other pathological conditions such as thrombocytopenia.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Intravenous Dosing

MESNEX may be given on a fractionated dosing schedule of three bolus intravenous injections as outlined below.

MESNEX injection is given as intravenous bolus injections in a dosage equal to 20% of the ifosfamide dosage weight by weight (w/w) at the time of ifosfamide administration and 4 and 8 hours after each dose of ifosfamide. The total daily dose of MESNEX is 60% of the ifosfamide dose. The recommended dosing schedule is outlined below in Table 1.

Table 1: Recommended Intravenous Dosing Schedule

  0 Hours 4 Hours 8 Hours
Ifosfamide 1.2 g/m² - -
MESNEX Injection1 240 mg/m² 240 mg/m² 240 mg/m²
1The dosing schedule should be repeated on each day that ifosfamide is administered. When the dosage of ifosfamide is increased or decreased, the ratio of MESNEX to ifosfamide should be maintained.

Intravenous And Oral Dosing

MESNEX may be given on a fractionated dosing schedule of a single bolus injection followed by two oral administrations of MESNEX tablets as outlined below.

MESNEX injection is given as intravenous bolus injections in a dosage equal to 20% of the ifosfamide dosage (w/w) at the time of ifosfamide administration. MESNEX tablets are given orally in a dosage equal to 40% of the ifosfamide dose 2 and 6 hours after each dose of ifosfamide. The total daily dose of MESNEX is 100% of the ifosfamide dose. The recommended dosing schedule is outlined in Table 2.

Table 2: Recommended Intravenous and Oral Dosing Schedule

  0 Hours 2 Hours 6 Hours
Ifosfamide 1.2 g/m² - -
MESNEX injection1 240 mg/m² - -
MESNEX tablets - 480 mg/m² 480 mg/m²
1The dosing schedule should be repeated on each day that ifosfamide is administered. When the dosage of ifosfamide is increased or decreased, the ratio of MESNEX to ifosfamide should be maintained.

The efficacy and safety of this ratio of intravenous and oral MESNEX has not been established as being effective for daily doses of ifosfamide higher than 2 g/m².

Patients who vomit within two hours of taking oral MESNEX should repeat the dose or receive intravenous MESNEX.

Monitoring For Hematuria

Maintain adequate hydration and sufficient urinary output, as required for ifosfamide treatment, and monitor urine for the presence of hematuria. If severe hematuria develops when MESNEX is given according to the recommended dosage schedule, dosage reductions or discontinuation of ifosfamide therapy may be required.

Preparation For Intravenous Administration And Stability

Preparation

Determine the volume of MESNEX injection for the intended dose.

Dilute the volume of MESNEX injection for the dose in any of the following fluids to obtain a final concentration of 20 mg/mL:

  • 5% Dextrose Injection, USP
  • 5% Dextrose and 0.2% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP
  • 5% Dextrose and 0.33% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP
  • 5% Dextrose and 0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP
  • 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP
  • Lactated Ringer's Injection, USP
Stability

The MESNEX injection multidose vials may be stored and used for up to 8 days after initial puncture.

Store diluted solutions at 25°C (77°F). Use diluted solutions within 24 hours.

Do not mix MESNEX injection with epirubicin, cyclophosphamide, cisplatin, carboplatin, and nitrogen mustard.

The benzyl alcohol contained in MESNEX injection vials can reduce the stability of ifosfamide. Ifosfamide and MESNEX may be mixed in the same bag provided the final concentration of ifosfamide does not exceed 50 mg/mL. Higher concentrations of ifosfamide may not be compatible with MESNEX and may reduce the stability of ifosfamide.

Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration whenever solution and container permit. Any solutions which are discolored, hazy, or contain visible particulate matter should not be used.

HOW SUPPLIED

Storage And Handling

Dosage Forms And Strengths

  • MESNEX injection: 1 g Multidose Vial, 100 mg/mL
  • MESNEX tablets: 400 mg film-coated tablets with functional score
MESNEX (mesna) injection 100 mg/mL

NDC 0338-1305-01

1 g Multidose Vial, Box of 1 vial of 10 mL

NDC 0338-1305-03

1 g Multidose Vial, Box of 10 vials of 10 mL

Store at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F), excursions permitted to 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

MESNEX (mesna) tablets

NDC 67108-3565-9

400 mg scored tablets packaged in box of 10 tablets

Store at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F), excursions permitted to 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

Manufactured by: Baxter Healthcare Corporation, Deerfield, IL 60015 USA. Revised: Mar 2014

CONTRAINDICATIONS

MESNEX is contraindicated in patients known to be hypersensitive to MESNEX or to any of the excipients [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

PRECAUTIONS

Hypersensitivity Reactions

MESNEX may cause systemic hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis. These reactions may include fever, cardiovascular symptoms (hypotension, tachycardia), acute renal impairment, hypoxia, respiratory distress, urticaria, angioedema, laboratory signs of disseminated intravascular coagulation, hematological abnormalities, increased liver enzymes, nausea, vomiting, arthralgia, and myalgia. These reactions may occur with the first exposure or after several months of exposure. Monitor for signs or symptoms. Discontinue MESNEX and provide supportive care.

Dermatologic Toxicity

Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms and bullous and ulcerative skin and mucosal reactions, consistent with Stevens-Johnson syndrome or toxic epidermal necrolysis have occurred. MESNEX may cause skin and mucosal reactions characterized by urticaria, rash, erythema, pruritus, burning sensation, angioedema, periorbital edema, flushing and stomatitis. These reactions may occur with the first exposure or after several months of exposure. Discontinue MESNEX and provide supportive care.

Benzyl Alcohol Toxicity

Benzyl alcohol, a preservative in MESNEX, has been associated with serious adverse reactions and death (including gasping syndrome) in neonates, premature and low-birth weight infants. The minimum amount of benzyl alcohol at which toxicity may occur is not known. Consider the combined daily metabolic load of benzyl alcohol from all sources when prescribing MESNEX (10.4 mg benzyl alcohol per mL). Neonates, premature, and low-birth weight infants, as well as patients receiving high dosages, may be more likely to develop toxicity. Monitor patients for signs or symptoms of toxicity. Avoid use in neonates, premature and low-birth weight infants [See Use in Specific Populations].

Laboratory Test Interferences

False-Positive Urine Tests for Ketone Bodies

A false positive test for urinary ketones may arise in patients treated with MESNEX when using nitroprusside sodium-based urine tests (including dipstick tests). The addition of glacial acetic acid can be used to differentiate between a false positive (cherry-red color that fades) and a true positive result (redviolet color that intensifies).

False-Negative Tests for Enzymatic CPK Activity

MESNEX may interfere with enzymatic creatinine phosphokinase (CPK) activity tests that use a thiol compound (e.g., N-acetylcysteine) for CPK reactiviation. This may result in a falsely low CPK level.

False-Positive Tests for Ascorbic Acid

MESNEX may cause false-positive reactions in Tillman's reagent-based urine screening tests for ascorbic acid.

Use In Patients With A History Of Adverse Reactions To Thiol Compounds

MESNEX is a thiol compound, i.e., a sulfhydryl (SH) group-containing organic compound. Hypersensitivity reactions to MESNEX and to amifostine, another thiol compound, have been reported. It is not clear whether patients who experienced an adverse reaction to a thiol compound are at increased risk for a hypersensitivity reaction to MESNEX.

Last reviewed on RxList: 4/1/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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