"Nov. 29, 2012 (Chicago) -- For cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy who have found their complaints of general mental fogginess and haziness dismissed by their doctors as not being a real medical condition, vindication has arrived.
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Details with Side Effects
Anaphylactic shock and Hypersensitivity reactions
Serious hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylactic-type reactions, some of which have been life-threatening with clinically significant hypotension and shock, have occurred in patients receiving Mozobil [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. Observe patients for signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity during and after Mozobil administration for at least 30 minutes and until clinically stable following completion of each administration. Only administer Mozobil when personnel and therapies are immediately available for the treatment of anaphylaxis and other hypersensitivity reactions. In clinical studies, mild or moderate allergic reactions occurred within approximately 30 minutes after Mozobil administration in less than 1% of patients [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].
Tumor Cell Mobilization in Leukemia Patients
For the purpose of HSC mobilization, Mozobil may cause mobilization of leukemic cells and subsequent contamination of the apheresis product. Therefore, Mozobil is not intended for HSC mobilization and harvest in patients with leukemia.
Potential for Tumor Cell Mobilization
When Mozobil is used in combination with G-CSF for HSC mobilizationé tumor cells may be released from the marrow and subsequently collected in the leukapheresis product. The effect of potential reinfusion of tumor cells has not been well-studied.
Splenic Enlargement and Potential for Rupture
Higher absolute and relative spleen weights associated with extramedullary hematopoiesis were observed following prolonged (2 to 4 weeks) daily plerixafor SC administration in rats at doses approximately 4-fold higher than the recommended human dose based on body surface area. The effect of Mozobil on spleen size in patients was not specifically evaluated in clinical studies. Evaluate individuals receiving Mozobil in combination with G-CSF who report left upper abdominal pain and/or scapular or shoulder pain for splenic integrity.
Mozobil may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Plerixafor is teratogenic in animals. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women using Mozobil. Advise women of childbearing potential to avoid becoming pregnant while receiving treatment with Mozobil. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus. [see Use In Specific Populations]
Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
Carcinogenicity studies with plerixafor have not been conducted.
Plerixafor was not genotoxic in an in vitro bacterial mutation assay (Ames test in Salmonella), an in vitro chromosomal aberration test using V79 Chinese hamster cells, or an in vivo bone marrow micronucleus test in rats after subcutaneous doses up to 25 mg/kg (150 mg/m²).
The effect of plerixafor on human fertility is unknown. The effect of plerixafor on male or female fertility was not studied in designated reproductive toxicology studies. The staging of spermatogenesis measured in a 28-day repeated dose toxicity study in rats revealed no abnormalities considered to be related to plerixafor. No histopathological evidence of toxicity to male or female reproductive organs was observed in 28-day repeated dose toxicity studies.
Use In Specific Populations
Pregnancy Category D
Mozobil may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Plerixafor is teratogenic in animals.
Plerixafor administered to pregnant rats induced embryo-fetal toxicities including fetal death, increased resorptions and post-implantation loss, decreased fetal weights, anophthalmia, shortened digits, cardiac interventricular septal defect, ringed aorta, globular heart, hydrocephaly, dilatation of olfactory ventricles, and retarded skeletal development. Embryo-fetal toxicities occurred mainly at a dose of 90 mg/m² (approximately 10 times the recommended human dose of 0.24 mg/kg when compared on a mg/m² basis or 10 times the AUC in subjects with normal renal function who received a single dose of 0.24 mg/kg).
It is not known whether plerixafor is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from Mozobil, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.
The safety and efficacy of Mozobil in pediatric patients have not been established in controlled clinical studies.
Of the total number of subjects in controlled clinical studies of Mozobil, 24% were 65 and over, while 0.8% were 75 and over. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects, and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.
Since plerixafor is mainly excreted by the kidney, no dose modifications are necessary in elderly individuals with normal renal function. In general, care should be taken in dose selection for elderly patients due to the greater frequency of decreased renal function with advanced age. Dosage adjustment in elderly patients with CLCR ≤ 50 mL/min is recommended. [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY]
Last reviewed on RxList: 6/20/2013
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Additional Mozobil Information
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