font size

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) (cont.)

Medical Author:
Medical Editor:

What is the treatment for MS symptoms?

In addition to treating MS itself, there are approved medications that can treat many multiple sclerosis symptoms including:

  • spasticity,
  • fatigue,
  • memory loss,
  • urinary frequency,
  • pain,
  • erectile dysfunction (ED or impotence), and
  • others.

It is important for patients to have an ongoing dialogue with their physician to describe any residual difficulty or symptoms following an exacerbation so that these symptoms can be addressed and treated.

Experimental therapies

Experimental therapies being explored to treat or possibly cure MS include stem cell transplantation. Preliminary results from one study which followed patients for 5 years suggested a decreased relapse rate and improvement in disability. While promising, these results need to be evaluated carefully before this treatment is approved.

In 2009 a vascular surgeon proposed that MS was caused by venous abnormalities that responsible for the true cause of MS was venous insufficiency. This proposed theory was termed chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI). A number of studies have tried to confirm this theory since it would markedly change the approach to treating MS. However, most of the recent data has not shown a causal relationship between any venous insufficiency and MS. Currently, there are still some ongoing studies that will be finished in approximately 2 years but some experts suggest the recent findings in the ongoing findings will disprove this hypothesis.

What is the prognosis and life expectancy for multiple sclerosis?

Patients with MS are felt to have the same life expectancy of those without MS. However, for patients with severe, progressive forms of this disease, problems caused by disability may lead to complications such as pneumonia.

If patients are not treated, over 30% may develop pronounced problems with mobility. It is not yet known what the long-term outcome of patients who begin treatment at an early stage of their disease will be.

There are two extremes in MS. The first is a "benign" syndrome in which patients have numerous lesions identified on MRI imaging, but have few -- if any -- symptoms, even decades after their diagnosis. At the opposite end of the spectrum is a condition identified as the Marburg variant of multiple sclerosis, where rapidly progressive symptoms are seen and death may occur after a very short time.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/15/2015

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/multiple_sclerosis_ms/article.htm

Multiple Sclerosis

Get the latest treatment options.

advertisement
advertisement
Use Pill Finder Find it Now See Interactions

Pill Identifier on RxList

  • quick, easy,
    pill identification

Find a Local Pharmacy

  • including 24 hour, pharmacies

Interaction Checker

  • Check potential drug interactions
Search the Medical Dictionary for Health Definitions & Medical Abbreviations