"By Lisa Naingggolan
Medscape Medical News
The European Union has given the nod to a new formulation of insulin glargine (Toujeo, Sanofi), which is a higher-strength insulin (300 units/mL) than the existing insulin glargine"...
Patients With Generalized Lipodystrophy
MYALEPT (metreleptin) for injection is indicated as an adjunct to diet as replacement therapy to treat the complications of leptin deficiency in patients with congenital or acquired generalized lipodystrophy.
Limitations of Use
- The safety and effectiveness of MYALEPT for the treatment of complications of partial lipodystrophy have not been established.
- The safety and effectiveness of MYALEPT for the treatment of liver disease, including nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), have not been established.
- MYALEPT is not indicated for use in patients with HIV-related lipodystrophy.
- MYALEPT is not indicated for use in patients with metabolic disease, including diabetes mellitus and hypertriglyceridemia, without concurrent evidence of congenital or acquired generalized lipodystrophy.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
See Table 1 for the recommended daily dose and maximum recommended daily dose in adults and pediatric patients.
Based on clinical response (e.g., inadequate metabolic control) or other considerations (e.g., tolerability issues, excessive weight loss [especially in pediatric patients]), MYALEPT dosage may be decreased or increased to the maximum dosage listed in Table 1.
Table 1: MYALEPT Recommended Dosage
|Baseline Weight||Starting Daily Dose (injection volume)||Dose Adjustments (injection volume)||Maximum Daily Dose (injection volume)|
|Less than or equal to 40 kg (males and females)||0.06 mg/kg (0.012 mL/kg)||0.02 mg/kg (0.004 mL/kg)||0.13 mg/kg (0.026 mL/kg)|
|Males greater than 40 kg||2.5 mg (0.5 mL)||1.25 mg (0.25 mL) to 2.5 mg (0.5 mL)||10 mg (2 mL)|
|Females greater than 40 kg||5 mg (1 mL)||1.25 mg (0.25 mL) to 2.5 mg (0.5 mL)||10 mg (2 mL)|
MYALEPT should be administered once daily at the same time every day. MYALEPT can be administered any time of day without regard to the timing of meals.
Instruct patients that if a dose is missed, administer the dose as soon as noticed, and resume the normal dosing schedule the next day.
MYALEPT Preparation And Storage
Healthcare practitioners should provide proper training to patients and caregivers regarding how to prepare and administer the correct dose of MYALEPT prior to self-use. The patients and caregivers should prepare and administer the first dose of MYALEPT under the supervision of a qualified healthcare professional.
Instruct patients to store the vials of lyophilized powder in their carton in the refrigerator as soon as received [see Storage and Handling].
MYALEPT can be reconstituted aseptically with 2.2 mL of sterile Bacteriostatic Water for Injection (BWFI), USP (0.9% benzyl alcohol), or with 2.2 mL of sterile Water for Injection (WFI).
When reconstituted in BWFI, MYALEPT solution can be used within 3 days when stored in the refrigerator between 36°F and 46°F (2°C and 8°C) and protected from light [see Storage and Handling]. Discard unused reconstituted solution after 3 days. Attach the supplied sticker to the vial and enter the discard date.
For use in neonates and infants, reconstitute with preservative-free sterile WFI [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and Use In Specific Populations]. When reconstituted in sterile WFI, MYALEPT should be administered immediately. Unused reconstituted solution cannot be saved for later use and should be discarded.
Reconstitution of the Lyophilized Powder
Instruct patients to follow the directions below for reconstitution of the lyophilized powder:
- Remove the vial containing the MYALEPT lyophilized powder from the refrigerator and allow the vial to warm to room temperature prior to use.
- Visually inspect the vial containing MYALEPT. The cake of lyophilized powder should be intact and white in color.
- Using a 3-mL syringe with a 22-gauge or smaller diameter needle withdraw 2.2 mL of sterile Bacteriostatic Water for Injection (BWFI) or preservative-free sterile Water for Injection (WFI). Do not reconstitute MYALEPT with other diluents.
- Inject the BWFI or WFI into the vial containing the lyophilized powder of MYALEPT, slowly injecting down the side of the vial. It is normal for some bubbles to form.
- Remove the needle and syringe from the vial and gently swirl the contents to reconstitute. Do not shake or vigorously agitate. When properly mixed, the MYALEPT reconstituted solution should be clear and free of clumps or dry powder, bubbles or foam. Do not use the solution if discolored or cloudy, or if particulate matter remains.
- Regarding the compatibility
of MYALEPT reconstituted solution with other solutions:
- Do not mix with, or transfer into, the contents of another vial of MYALEPT.
- Do not add other medications, including insulin. Use a separate syringe for insulin injections. See the MYALEPT Instructions for Use for complete administration instructions. The instructions can also be found at www.myalept.com.
Healthcare practitioners should instruct patients and caregivers on the proper subcutaneous injection technique with care to avoid intramuscular injection in patients with minimal subcutaneous adipose tissue. Never administer MYALEPT intravenously or intramuscularly.
Instruct patients to follow the recommended injection technique:
- Using a 1-mL syringe with a needle appropriate for subcutaneous injection, withdraw the prescribed dose of MYALEPT reconstituted solution.
- Remove any large air pockets or large bubbles from the filled syringe prior to administration. Some small bubbles may remain in the syringe.
- Administer MYALEPT into the subcutaneous tissue of the abdomen, thigh or upper arm. Advise patients to use a different injection site each day when injecting in the same region. After choosing an injection site, pinch the skin and at a 45-degree angle, inject the MYALEPT reconstituted solution subcutaneously. Avoid intramuscular injection, especially in patients with minimal subcutaneous adipose tissue.
- Doses exceeding 1 mL can be administered as two injections (the total daily dose divided equally) to minimize potential injection-site discomfort due to injection volume. When dividing doses due to volume, doses can be administered one after the other.
Do not mix MYALEPT with insulin. Use a separate syringe for each medication. If MYALEPT and insulin are administered at the same time of day, they may be injected in the same body area using two different injection sites.
See the MYALEPT Instructions for Use for complete administration instructions. The instructions can also be found at www.myalept.com.
Dosage Adjustments Of Medications Known To Cause Hypoglycemia
Dosage adjustments, including possible large reductions, of insulin or insulin secretagogue (e.g., sulfonylurea) may be necessary in some patients to minimize the risk of hypoglycemia [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and ADVERSE REACTIONS]. Closely monitor blood glucose in patients on concomitant insulin therapy, especially those on high doses, or insulin secretagogue (e.g., sulfonylurea) when treating with MYALEPT.
Discontinuation In Patients At Risk For Pancreatitis
When discontinuing MYALEPT therapy in patients with risk factors for pancreatitis (e.g., history of pancreatitis, severe hypertriglyceridemia), tapering of the dose over a one-week period is recommended. During tapering, monitor triglyceride levels and consider initiating or adjusting the dose of lipid-lowering medications as needed. Signs and/or symptoms consistent with pancreatitis should prompt an appropriate clinical evaluation.
Dosage Forms And Strengths
For Injection: 11.3 mg of metreleptin supplied in a vial as a sterile, white, solid, lyophilized cake (delivers 5 mg per mL of metreleptin when reconstituted with 2.2 mL of BWFI or WFI).
MYALEPT (metreleptin) for injection for subcutaneous administration is supplied in a single carton containing one vial for reconstitution (NDC 66780-310-01).
- Each vial contains 11.3 mg metreleptin (as a sterile, white, solid, lyophilized cake) to deliver 5 mg per mL of metreleptin when reconstituted with 2.2 mL of BWFI or WFI.
Storage And Handling
- MYALEPT should be stored in the refrigerator at 36°F to 46°F (2°C to 8°C) and protected from light until preparing for use. Keep MYALEPT vials in the carton when not in use.
- MYALEPT should not be used past the expiration date.
- Do not freeze MYALEPT.
- Do not use if the white lyophilized cake is discolored.
- Use with BWFI: when MYALEPT is reconstituted with BWFI, the vial can be used for multiple doses within 3 days when stored in the refrigerator at 36°F to 46°F (2°C to 8°C) and protected from light.
- Use with WFI: when MYALEPT is reconstituted with WFI, the vial can be used for a single dose should be administered immediately. Unused reconstituted solution cannot be saved for later use and should be discarded.
- After reconstitution, the vials should not be frozen (below 0°C) or shaken vigorously. If the reconstituted product is inadvertently frozen, it should be thrown away.
- After reconstitution, the mixture should be clear and colorless. Do not use if visible particulates are present in the solution.
- Keep out of the reach of children.
Manufactured for: Amylin Pharmaceuticals, LLC Wilmington, DE 19850. Distributed by: AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP Wilmington, DE 19850. Revised: June 2014
Last reviewed on RxList: 7/17/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Additional Myalept Information
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