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Novoeight®, Antihemophilic Factor
(Recombinant) Lyophilized Powder for Intravenous Injection
The active ingredient in Novoeight is a recombinant (r) analogue of human coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) with a molecular mass of 166 kDa, calculated excluding post-translational modifications. The rFVIII molecule in Novoeight is a glycoprotein containing a heavy chain and a light chain, with 21 of the 908 amino acids of the B-domain of endogenous FVIII connected to the C-terminus of the heavy chain. Once activated, the resulting rFVIIIa has a comparable structure to the endogenous FVIIIa.
Novoeight is synthesized by a genetically engineered Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line which secretes rFVIII into the cell culture medium. The rFVIII protein is purified using a series of chromatography steps, one of which is the use of an immunoaffinity column in which a monoclonal antibody, produced in CHO cells and directed against FVIII, is employed to selectively isolate the rFVIII from the medium. The production process includes two dedicated viral clearance steps - a detergent treatment step for inactivation and a 20-nm filtration step for removal of viruses. No additives of human or animal origin are used in the cell culture, purification and formulation of Novoeight.
Novoeight is formulated as a sterile, non-pyrogenic, lyophilized powder for intravenous injection after reconstitution with the diluent (0.9% sodium chloride). Novoeight is available in single-dose vials that contain nominally 250, 500, 1000, 1500, 2000 or 3000 international units (IU) per vial. When reconstituted with the appropriate volume of diluent, the product contains the following components per mL: 18 mg sodium chloride, 1.5 mg L-histidine, 3 mg sucrose, 0.1 mg polysorbate 80, 0.055 mg L-methionine and 0.25 mg calcium chloride dihydrate. The product contains no preservative.
Each vial of Novoeight is labeled with the actual rFVIII activity expressed in IU determined by the one-stage clotting assay, using a reference material calibrated against a World Health Organization (WHO) International Standard for FVIII Concentrates. One IU, as defined by the WHO standard for human FVIII, is approximately equal to the level of FVIII activity in 1 mL of fresh pooled human plasma. The specific activity of Novoeight is approximately 8340 IU per milligram of protein.
Last reviewed on RxList: 3/25/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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