Novolog Mix 70-30
"The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued a new alert about the potential for increased risk for heart failure in patients taking the type 2 diabetes drugs saxagliptin (Onglyza, AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP) and alogliptin ("...
NovoLog Mix 70/30
Clinical Trial Experience
Clinical trials are conducted under widely varying designs, therefore, the adverse reaction rates reported in one clinical trial may not be easily compared to those rates reported in another clinical trial, and may not reflect the rates actually observed in clinical practice.
Hypoglycemia is the most commonly observed adverse reaction in patients using insulin, including NovoLog Mix 70/30 [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]. NovoLog Mix 70/30 should not be used during episodes of hypoglycemia [see CONTRAINDICATIONS and WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
- Insulin initiation and glucose control intensification
Intensification or rapid improvement in glucose control has been associated with transitory, reversible ophthalmologic refraction disorder, worsening of diabetic retinopathy, and acute painful peripheral neuropathy. However, long-term glycemic control decreases the risk of diabetic retinopathy and neuropathy.
Long-term use of insulin, including NovoLog Mix 70/30 (insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart (rdna origin)) , can cause lipodystrophy at the site of repeated insulin injections. Lipodystrophy includes lipohypertrophy (thickening of adipose tissue) and lipoatrophy (thinning of adipose tissue), and may affect insulin absorption. Rotate insulin injection sites within the same region to reduce the risk of lipodystrophy.
Weight gain can occur with some insulin therapies, including NovoLog Mix 70/30 (insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart (rdna origin)) , and has been attributed to the anabolic effects of insulin and the decrease in glycosuria.
- Peripheral Edema
Insulin may cause sodium retention and edema, particularly if previously poor metabolic control is improved by intensified insulin therapy.
- Frequencies of adverse drug reactions
The frequencies of adverse drug reactions during a clinical trial with NovoLog Mix 70/30 in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and type 2 diabetes mellitus are listed in the tables below. The trial was a three-month, open-label trial in patients with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes who were treated twice daily (before breakfast and before supper) with NovoLog Mix 70/30 (insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart (rdna origin)) .
Table 1: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events in Patients with
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (Adverse events with frequency ≥ 5% are included.)
|Preferred Term||NovoLog Mix70/30
|Upper respiratory tract infection||3||5||1||2|
Table 2: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events in Patients with
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (Adverse events with frequency ≥ 5% are
|Preferred Term||NovoLog Mix70/30 (N=85)||Novolin 70/30 (N=102)|
|Upper respiratory tract infection||10||12||6||6|
Additional adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of NovoLog Mix 70/30 (insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart (rdna origin)) . Because these adverse reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is generally not possible to reliably estimate their frequency. They include medication errors in which other insulins have been accidentally substituted for NovoLog Mix 70/30 [see PATIENT INFORMATION].
Read the NovoLog Mix 70/30 (insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart (rdna origin)) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects
A number of substances affect glucose metabolism and may require insulin dose adjustment and particularly close monitoring.
- The following are examples of substances that may increase the blood-glucose lowering effect and susceptibility to hypoglycemia: oral antidiabetic products, pramlintide, ACE inhibitors, disopyramide, fibrates, fluoxetine, monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors, propoxyphene, salicylates, somatostatin analog (e.g. octreotide), sulfonamide antibiotics.
- The following are examples of substances that may reduce the blood-glucoselowering effect: corticosteroids, niacin, danazol, diuretics, sympathomimetic agents (e.g., epinephrine, salbutamol, terbutaline), isoniazid, phenothiazine derivatives, somatropin, thyroid hormones, estrogens, progestogens (e.g., in oral contraceptives), atypical antipsychotics.
- Beta-blockers, clonidine, lithium salts, and alcohol may either potentiate or weaken the blood-glucose-lowering effect of insulin.
- Pentamidine may cause hypoglycemia, which may sometimes be followed by hyperglycemia.
- The signs of hypoglycemia may be reduced or absent in patients taking sympatholytic products such as beta-blockers, clonidine, guanethidine, and reserpine.
Last reviewed on RxList: 6/9/2010
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