"Young children have died or become seriously ill from accidental exposure to a skin patch containing fentanyl, a powerful pain reliever. As a result of this, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is issuing a Drug Safety Communication to warn pa"...
NUCYNTA® (tapentadol) is indicated for the management of moderate to severe acute pain in adults.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
NUCYNTA® oral solution is available in one concentration: 20 mg/mL.
Take care when prescribing and administering NUCYNTA® oral solution to avoid dosing errors, which could result in accidental overdose and death. Take care to ensure the proper dose is communicated and dispensed. Include the dose in milliliters (mL) and milligrams (mg) when writing prescriptions. Always use the enclosed calibrated oral syringe when administering NUCYNTA® oral solution to ensure the dose is measured and administered accurately.
Individualization Of Dosage
As with any opioid drug product, adjust the dosing regimen for each patient individually, taking into account the patient's prior analgesic treatment experience. In the selection of the initial dose of tapentadol, give attention to the following:
- the total daily dose, potency and specific characteristics of the opioid the patient has been taking previously;
- the reliability of the relative potency estimate used to calculate the equivalent morphine sulfate dose needed;
- the patient's degree of opioid tolerance;
- the general condition and medical status of the patient;
- concurrent medications;
- the type and severity of the patient's pain;
- risk factors for abuse, addiction or diversion, including a prior history of abuse, addiction or diversion.
The following dosing recommendations, therefore, can only be considered suggested approaches to what is actually a series of clinical decisions over time in the management of the pain of each individual patient. Continual re-evaluation of the patient receiving tapentadol is important, with special attention to the maintenance of pain control and the relative incidence of side effects associated with therapy. During chronic therapy, especially for non-cancer-related pain, periodically re-assess the continued need for the use of opioid analgesics.
During periods of changing analgesic requirements, including initial titration, frequent contact is recommended between physician, other members of the healthcare team, the patient, and the caregiver/family. Monitor the patient for signs of respiratory or central nervous system depression.
Initiation Of Therapy
The dose is 2.5 mL (equivalent to 50 mg), 3.75 mL (equivalent to 75 mg), or 5 mL (equivalent to 100 mg) every 4 to 6 hours depending upon pain intensity.
On the first day of dosing, the second dose may be administered as soon as one hour after the first dose, if adequate pain relief is not attained with the first dose. Subsequent dosing is 2.5 mL (equivalent to 50 mg), 3.75 mL (equivalent to 75 mg), or 5 mL (equivalent to 100 mg) every 4 to 6 hours and should be adjusted to maintain adequate analgesia with acceptable tolerability.
Daily doses greater than 700 mg on the first day of therapy and 600 mg on subsequent days have not been studied and are not recommended.
NUCYNTA® may be given with or without food [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].
No dosage adjustment is recommended in patients with mild or moderate renal impairment.
The safety and efficacy of NUCYNTA® has not been studied in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Score 10-15) and use in this population is not recommended [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
Initiate treatment of patients with moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Score 7 to 9) with 50 mg no more frequently than once every 8 hours (maximum of three doses in 24 hours). Further treatment should reflect maintenance of analgesia with acceptable tolerability, to be achieved by either shortening or lengthening the dosing interval [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].
No dosage adjustment is recommended in patients with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Score 5 to 6) [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].
In general, recommended dosing for elderly patients with normal renal and hepatic function is the same as for younger adult patients with normal renal and hepatic function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal and hepatic function, consideration should be given to starting elderly patients with the lower range of recommended doses.
Cessation Of Therapy
When the patient no longer requires therapy with tapentadol, gradually taper the dose to prevent signs and symptoms of withdrawal in the physically dependent patient [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
Instructions For Use
Concentration and Dispensing: The oral solution contains 20 mg tapentadol per milliliter (mL) and prescriptions should be written in milliliters (mL) and milligrams (mg). An oral syringe is supplied with dose marks corresponding directly to 2.5 mL (equals 50 mg) oral solution, 3.75 mL (equals 75 mg) oral solution, and 5 mL (equals 100 mg) oral solution.
Inform patients of the availability of FDA-approved patient labeling, Instructions for Use, for step-by-step instructions for patients on how to use the medicine bottle and the oral syringe.
Dosage Forms And Strengths
NUCYNTA® oral solution: 20 mg/mL oral solution in 100 mL and 200 mL fill bottles with child-resistant closure [see DESCRIPTION and Storage and Handling].
NUCYNTA® oral solution, 20 mg/mL, is available as a clear, colorless solution. Supplied with calibrated syringe:
Bottles of 100 mL (NDC
Bottles of 200 mL (NDC 50458-817-02)
Storage And Handling
Store up to 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Store the oral solution bottle upright after opening.
Keep NUCYNTA® in a secure place out of reach of children.
NUCYNTA® oral solution that is no longer needed should be destroyed by flushing down the toilet.
Manufactured by: Patheon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Cincinnati, OH 45237 Manufactured for: Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Titusville, NJ 08560. Revised: November 2014This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Last reviewed on RxList: 12/4/2014
Additional Nucynta Information
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
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