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Nystop

Last reviewed on RxList: 2/21/2017
Drug Description

NYSTOP®
(nystatin) Topical Powder, USP

DESCRIPTION

Nystatin is a polyene antifungal antibiotic obtained from Streptomyces nursei. The molecular formula for Nystatin is C47H75NO17. The molecular weight of Nystatin is 926.1.

Structural formula:

Nystop® (nystatin) Structural Formula Illustration

Nystatin Topical Powder USP is for dermatologic use.

Nystatin Topical Powder USP contains 100,000 USP nystatin units per gram dispersed in talc.

For Consumers

What are the possible side effects of nystatin topical (Mycostatin Topical, Nyamyc, Nystop, Pediaderm AF, Pedi-Dri)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using nystatin topical and call your doctor at once if you have severe burning, itching, rash, pain, or other irritation where the medicine is applied.

Less serious side effects may include mild itching or irritation.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may...

Indications & Dosage

INDICATIONS

Nystatin Topical Powder is indicated in the treatment of cutaneous or mucocutaneous mycotic infections caused by Candida albicansand other susceptible Candida species.

This preparation is not indicated for s ys temic, oral, intravaginal or ophthalmic us e.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Very moist lesions are best treated with the topical dusting powder.

Adults And Pediatric Patients (Neonates and Older)

Apply to candidal lesions two or three times daily until healing is complete. For fungal infection of the feet caused by Candida species, the powder should be dusted on the feet, as well as, in all foot wear.

HOW SUPPLIED

Nystop® Nystatin Topical Powder USP is supplied as 100,000 units nystatin per gram in 15 g, 30 g and 60 g plastic squeeze bottles.

(NDC 0574-2008-15)
(NDC 0574-2008-30)
(NDC 0574-2008-02)

Storage

Store at controlled room temperature 15°-30°C (59°-86°F); avoid excessive heat (40°C; 104°F).

Manufactured By Perrigo, Minneapolis, MN 55427. Revised: Sep 2014

Side Effects & Drug Interactions

SIDE EFFECTS

The frequency of adverse events reported in patients using nystatin topical preparations is less than 0.1%. The more common events that were reported include allergic reactions, burning, itching, rash, eczema, and pain on application. (See PRECAUTIONS: General.)

DRUG INTERACTIONS

No information provided.

Warnings & Precautions

WARNINGS

No information provided.

PRECAUTIONS

General

Nystatin Topical Powder should not be used for the treatment of systemic, oral, intravaginal or ophthalmic infections.

If irritation or sensitization develops, treatment should be discontinued and appropriate measures taken as indicated. It is recommended that KOH smears, cultures, or other diagnostic methods be used to confirm the diagnosis of cutaneous or mucocutaneous candidiasis and to rule out infection caused by other pathogens.

Laboratory Tests

If there is a lack of therapeutic response, KOH smears, cultures, or other diagnostic methods should be repeated.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

No long-term animal studies have been performed to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of nystatin. No studies have been performed to determine the mutagenicity of nystatin or its effects on male or female fertility.

Pregnancy

Teratogenic Effects

Category C. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with any nystatin topical preparation. It also is not known whether these preparations can cause fetal harm when used by a pregnant woman or can affect reproductive capacity. Nystatin topical preparations should be prescribed for a pregnant woman only if the potential benefit to the mother outweighs the potential risk to the fetus.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether nystatin is excreted in human milk. Caution should be exercised when nystatin is prescribed for a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness have been established in the pediatric population from birth to 16 years. (See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).

Overdosage & Contraindications

OVERDOSE

No information provided.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Nystatin Topical Powder is contraindicated in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any of its components.

Clinical Pharmacology

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Pharmacokinetics

Nystatin is not absorbed from intact skin or mucous membrane.

Microbiology

Nystatin is an antibiotic which is both fungistatic and fungicidal in vitro against a wide variety of yeasts and yeast-like fungi, including Candida albicans, C. parapsilosis, C. tropicalis, C. guilliermondi, C. pseudotropicalis, C. krusei, Torulopsisglabrata, Tricophytonrubrum, T. mentagrophytes.

Nystatin acts by binding to sterols in the cell membrane of susceptible species resulting in a change in membrane permeability and the subsequent leakage of intracellular components. On repeated subculturing with increasing levels of nystatin, Candida albicansdoes not develop resistance to nystatin. Generally, resistance to nystatin does not develop during therapy. However, other species of Candida (C, tropicalis, C. guilliermondi, C. krusei, and C. stellatoides) become quite resistant on treatment with nystatin and simultaneously become cross resistant to amphotericin as well. This resistance is lost when the antibiotic is removed. Nystatin exhibits no appreciable activity against bacteria, protozoa, or viruses.

Medication Guide

PATIENT INFORMATION

Patients using this medication should receive the following information and instructions:

  1. The patient should be instructed to use this medication as directed (including the replacement of missed doses). This medication is not for any disorder other than that for which it is prescribed.
  2. Even if symptomatic relief occurs within the first few days of treatment, the patient should be advised not to interrupt or discontinue therapy until the prescribed course of treatment is completed.
  3. If symptoms of irritation develop, the patient should be advised to notify the physician promptly.
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