Optic Neuritis (cont.)
Andrew A. Dahl, MD, FACS
Andrew A. Dahl, MD, is a board-certified ophthalmologist. Dr. Dahl's educational background includes a BA with Honors and Distinction from Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT, and an MD from Cornell University, where he was selected for Alpha Omega Alpha, the national medical honor society. He had an internal medical internship at the New York Hospital/Cornell Medical Center.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- Optic neuritis facts
- What is optic neuritis?
- What causes optic neuritis?
- What are optic neuritis risk factors?
- What are symptoms of optic neuritis?
- What are signs of optic neuritis?
- What types of doctors treat optic neuritis?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose optic neuritis?
- What is the treatment for optic neuritis?
- What is the prognosis for optic neuritis?
- Is it possible to prevent optic neuritis?
- Where can I find more information on optic neuritis?
- Find a local Eye Doctor in your town
What types of doctors treat optic neuritis?
An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of eye disease. Ophthalmologists diagnose and treat optic neuritis, often in conjunction with a neurologist or family physician. Other specialists are involved based on any underlying diseases.
How do health-care professionals diagnose optic neuritis?
Optic neuritis is suspected based on the characteristic history of eye pain and vision loss. The standard exam includes visual acuity, pupillary reduction, visual field evaluation, color vision testing, and visualization of the optic disc by direct and indirect ophthalmoscopy.
A person experiencing a first episode of optic neuritis should undergo an MRI of the brain to detect central nervous system lesions associated with MS. The MRI may also show an enlarged optic nerve or inflamed optic nerve sheath.
Visual symptoms usually progress for the first few weeks and then start to improve within the first month. If the course of recovery is not typical, further testing can be performed to look for more unusual causes of optic neuritis/neuropathy.
Get breaking medical news.