Prevention and Treatment: Medications
There are several types of medications used to treat osteoporosis.
1. Anti-resorptive drugs: These medications prevent bone resorption (breakdown) and can help increase bone mass. Examples include alendronate (Fosamax), risedronate (Actonel), raloxifene (Evista), ibandronate (Boniva), calcitonin (Calcimar), and zoledronate (Reclast).
2. Menopausal estrogen hormone therapy: this can act much as the anti-resorptive drugs do, preventing bone loss and helping increase bone mass.
3. Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs): These medications work like estrogen, and include tamoxifen and Raloxifene (Evista).
4. Anabolic drugs: these are the only drugs that actually build bone mass. Teriparatide, a form of parathyroid hormone, is one example of this type of drug