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Intravitreal Injection-related Effects
Intravitreal injections, including those with OZURDEX®, have been associated with endophthalmitis, eye inflammation, increased intraocular pressure, and retinal detachments. Patients should be monitored regularly following the injection [see PATIENT INFORMATION].
Use of corticosteroids including OZURDEX® may produce posterior subcapsular cataracts, increased intraocular pressure, and glaucoma. Use of corticosteroids may enhance the establishment of secondary ocular infections due to bacteria, fungi, or viruses [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].
Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility
No adequate studies in animals have been conducted to determine whether OZURDEX® (dexamethasone intravitreal implant) has the potential for carcinogenesis.
Although no adequate studies have been conducted to determine the mutagenic potential of OZURDEX® , dexamethasone has been shown to have no mutagenic effects in bacterial and mammalian cells in vitro or in the in vivo mouse micronucleus test.
Adequate fertility studies have not been conducted in animals.
Use In Specific Populations
Pregnancy Category C
There are no adequate and well-controlled studies with OZURDEX® in pregnant women.
Animal reproduction studies using topical ocular administration of dexamethasone were conducted in mice and rabbits. Cleft palate and embryofetal death in mice and malformations of the intestines and kidneys in rabbits were observed. OZURDEX® should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.
Topical ocular administration of 0.15% dexamethasone (0.375 mg/kg/day) on gestational days 10 to 13 produced embryofetal lethality and a high incidence of cleft palate in mice. A dose of 0.375 mg/kg/day in the mouse is approximately 3 times an OZURDEX® injection in humans (0.7 mg dexamethasone) on a mg/m² basis. In rabbits, topical ocular administration of 0.1% dexamethasone throughout organogenesis (0.13 mg/kg/day, on gestational day 6 followed by 0.20 mg/kg/day on gestational days 7-18) produced intestinal anomalies, intestinal aplasia, gastroschisis and hypoplastic kidneys. A dose of 0.13 mg/kg/day in the rabbit is approximately 4 times an OZURDEX® injection in humans (0.7 mg dexamethasone) on a mg/m² basis.
Systemically administered corticosteroids are present in human milk and can suppress growth and interfere with endogenous corticosteroid production. The systemic concentration of dexamethasone following intravitreal treatment with OZURDEX® is low [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY]. It is not known whether intravitreal treatment with OZURDEX® could result in sufficient systemic absorption to produce detectable quantities in human milk. Exercise caution when OZURDEX® is administered to a nursing woman.
Safety and effectiveness of OZURDEX® in pediatric patients have not been established.
No overall differences in safety or effectiveness have been observed between elderly and younger patients.This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Last reviewed on RxList: 11/10/2014
Additional Ozurdex Information
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