Painful Gums

MedicineNet - Painful Gums

Symptom Checker: Symptoms & Signs Index

Medical Author:

Related
Symptoms & Signs

Painful, red gums can be a symptom of gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) or, more likely, periodontitis (inflammation of the attachment fibers of the teeth and supporting bone), which can arise due to a number of different causes. Gum disease can ultimately lead to receding gums and even damage to the bones of the jaw. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can also increase the sensitivity of the gums, which may in some cases lead to soreness or pain. Painful gums can also arise due to localized sores on the gums, such as abscesses or aphthous ulcers (canker sores).

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/5/2014

Health concern on your mind? Visit the Symptom Checker.

REFERENCE:

Stephen, James M. "Gingivitis." eMedicine.com. Nov. 23, 2009. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/763801-overview>.

Causes of Painful Gums
    • Canker Sores Canker sore is a small ulcer crater in the lining of the mouth. Canker sores are one of the most common problems that occur in...learn more »
      In This Article
      Canker Sores Article
      • Canker sores facts
      • What are canker sores?
      • What are symptoms and signs of canker sores?
      • What are the causes of canker sores?
      • Are canker sores the same as fever blisters?
      • What is the treatment for canker sores?
      • What kind of topical medications (gels or ointments) are available for canker sores?
      • Can mouthwash solutions be used with canker sores?
      • What oral medications are available to help canker sores?
      • What should I do if I get canker sores frequently?
    • Gum Disease Gum disease is caused by plaque and may result in tooth loss without proper treatment. Symptoms and signs of gum disease...learn more »
      In This Article
      Gum Disease Article
      • What is gum disease (gingivitis)?
      • What is the difference between gingivitis and periodontital disease?
      • What causes gum disease?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of gum disease?
      • How is gum disease diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for gum disease?
      • Are home remedies or natural treatments effective for gum disease?
      • Can gum disease be reversed?
      • Is gum disease associated with other health problems?
      • How is gum disease managed in children?
      • How is gum disease managed in pregnancy?
      • Can gum disease be prevented?
      • Is gum disease contagious?
    • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes HIV infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Symptoms and signs...learn more »
      In This Article
      Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Article
      • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) facts
      • What is the human immunodeficiency virus?
      • What is the history of HIV?
      • What causes an HIV infection?
      • What are the different stages of an HIV infection?
      • What are risk factors for an HIV infection?
      • What are HIV infection symptoms and signs?
      • How do health-care professionals diagnose an HIV infection? What are the different types of HIV tests?
      • What is the treatment for an HIV infection?
      • What are complications of an HIV infection?
      • What is the prognosis of an HIV infection?
      • Is it possible to prevent the transmission of HIV?
      • What research is being done on HIV?
      • Are support groups available for people who are HIV positive?
      • Where can people find more information on HIV?
    • Oral Cancer The term oral cancer includes cancer of the mouth (oral cavity) and the back of the mouth (oropharynx). Red and white patches...learn more »
      In This Article
      Oral Cancer Article
      • Oral cancer facts*
      • What is the oral cavity?
      • What is cancer?
      • Who's at risk for oral cancer?
      • What are the symptoms of oral cancer?
      • How is oral cancer diagnosed?
      • How is oral cancer treated?
      • Methods of treatment
      • What are the side effects of treatment for oral cancer?
      • What is rehabilitation for oral cancer?
      • What happens after treatment for oral cancer?
      • What does the future hold for patients with oral cancer?
      • What resources are available to patients with oral cancer?
    • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
      • Pregnancy facts*
      • Introduction
      • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
      • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
      • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
      • How will my baby develop week by week?
      • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
      • Body aches
      • Breast changes
      • Constipation
      • Dizziness
      • Fatigue, sleep problems
      • Heartburn and indigestion
      • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
      • Itching
      • Leg cramps
      • Morning sickness
      • Nasal problems
      • Numb or tingling hands
      • Stretch marks, skin changes
      • Swelling
      • Urinary frequency and leaking
      • Varicose veins
    • Toothache A toothache is a pain on or around a tooth. It may be caused by a variety of things from a cavity, abscess, or even sinusitis....learn more »
      In This Article
      Toothache Article
      • What is a toothache?
      • What causes a toothache?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of a toothache?
      • How is a toothache diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for a toothache?
      • Are home remedies effective for a toothache?
      • How is a toothache treated during pregnancy?
      • What is the prognosis for a toothache?
      • Can a toothache be prevented?
Other Causes of Painful Gums
  • Abscess
  • Bacterial Infection
  • Dental or Orthodontic Procedures
  • Excessively Hard Toothbrushing
  • Malnutrition
  • Poorly Fitting Dentures
  • Poor Oral Hygiene
  • Tartar
  • Tooth Loss
  • Trauma to the Mouth and/or Gums
  • Trench Mouth
Examples of Medications for Painful Gums




WebMD Oral Health

Get tips for a healthy mouth.