Painful Gums Symptoms & Signs
Medical Author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Painful, sore, red gums can be a symptom of gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) or, more likely, periodontitis (inflammation of the attachment fibers of the teeth and supporting bone), which can arise due to a number of different causes. Inflammation of the gums may manifest as
- bleeding of the gums either after brushing or when otherwise irritated.
Gum disease can ultimately lead to receding gums and even damage to the bones of the jaw. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can also increase the sensitivity of the gums, which may in some cases lead to soreness or pain. Painful gums can also arise due to localized sores on the gums, such as abscesses or aphthous ulcers (canker sores).
Health concern on your mind? Visit the Symptom Checker.
Stephen, James M. "Gingivitis." Medscape.com. Dec. 31, 2014. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/763801-overview>.
Causes of Painful Gums
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- Is gingivitis contagious?
- How does gingivitis spread?
- How will one know if he or she has gingivitis?
- How will someone know when he or she no longer has gingivitis?
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Other Causes of Painful Gums
- Bacterial Infection
- Dental or Orthodontic Procedures
- Excessively Hard Toothbrushing
- Poorly Fitting Dentures
- Poor Oral Hygiene
- Tooth Loss
- Trauma to the Mouth and/or Gums
- Trench Mouth
Examples of Medications for Painful Gums
- acetaminophen, Tylenol, Tylenol Arthritis Pain, Tylenol Ext, Little Fevers Children's Fever/Pain
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