Symptom Checker: Symptoms & Signs Index
Medical Author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Painful gums can be a symptom of gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) or, more likely, periodontitis (inflammation of the attachment fibers of the teeth and supporting bone), which can arise due to a number of different causes. The hormonal changes of pregnancy can also increase the sensitivity of the gums, which may in some cases lead to soreness or pain. Painful gums can also arise due to localized sores on the gums, such as abscesses or aphthous ulcers.
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Stephen, James M. "Gingivitis." eMedicine.com. Nov. 23, 2009. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/763801-overview>.
Causes of Painful Gums
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Other Causes of Painful Gums
- Bacterial Infection
- Dental or Orthodontic Procedures
- Excessively Hard Toothbrushing
- Poorly Fitting Dentures
- Poor Oral Hygiene
- Tooth Loss
- Trauma to the Mouth and/or Gums
- Trench Mouth
Examples of Medications for Painful Gums
- acetaminophen, Tylenol and Others
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