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Paxil-CR

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Paxil-CR

Paxil-CR Side Effects Center

Medical Editor: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP

Paxil-CR (paroxetine hydrochloride) is used to treat depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). Paxil-CR is an antidepressant in a group of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Common side effects include nausea, drowsiness, dizziness, trouble sleeping, loss of appetite, weakness, tiredness, dry mouth, sweating, yawning, or headache.

The recommended dose of Paxil-CR is 12.5-75 mg as a single daily dose, usually in the morning. As with all anti-depressants, the full effect may not occur until after a few weeks of therapy. Many medications can interact with Paxil-CR, including aspirin and NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), blood thinners, cimetidine, fosamprenavir, linezolid, ritonavir, St. John's wort, tamoxifen, theophylline, tramadol, L-tryptophan, heart medications, other antidepressants, medicine to treat psychiatric disorders, or almotriptan, frovatriptan, sumatriptan, naratriptan, rizatriptan, or zolmitriptan. Tell your doctor all medications you are taking. Paxil-CR is not recommended for use during pregnancy. It may harm a fetus. Babies born to mothers who have used this drug during the last 3 months of pregnancy may infrequently develop withdrawal symptoms such as feeding/breathing difficulties, seizures, muscle stiffness, or constant crying. If you notice any symptoms in your newborn, tell the doctor promptly. Since untreated depression can be a serious condition, do not stop taking Paxil-CR unless directed by a doctor. This drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding. You may have withdrawal symptoms (such as agitation, dizziness, numbness or tingling, ringing in your ears, confusion, or behavior changes) after you stop taking Paxil-CR.

Our Paxil-CR (paroxetine hydrochloride) Side Effects Drug Center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is Patient Information in Detail?

Easy-to-read and understand detailed drug information and pill images for the patient or caregiver from Cerner Multum.

Paxil-CR in Detail - Patient Information: Side Effects

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: skin rash or hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Report any new or worsening symptoms to your doctor, such as: mood or behavior changes, anxiety, panic attacks, trouble sleeping, or if you feel impulsive, irritable, agitated, hostile, aggressive, restless, hyperactive (mentally or physically), more depressed, or have thoughts about suicide or hurting yourself.

Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • unusual bone pain or tenderness, swelling or bruising;
  • easy bruising, unusual bleeding (nose, mouth, vagina, or rectum), coughing up blood;
  • agitation, hallucinations, fever, fast heart rate, overactive reflexes, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, feeling unsteady, loss of coordination, fainting;
  • very stiff (rigid) muscles, high fever, sweating, confusion, fast or uneven heartbeats, tremors, overactive reflexes, feeling like you might pass out;
  • headache, trouble concentrating, memory problems, weakness, confusion, hallucinations, fainting, seizure, shallow breathing or breathing that stops; or
  • severe skin reaction -- fever, sore throat, swelling in your face or tongue, burning in your eyes, skin pain, followed by a red or purple skin rash that spreads (especially in the face or upper body) and causes blistering and peeling.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • mild headache, drowsiness, dizziness, sleep problems (insomnia), feeling restless or nervous;
  • mild nausea, constipation, weight changes;
  • decreased sex drive, impotence, or difficulty having an orgasm; or
  • dry mouth, yawning, or ringing in your ears.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Read the entire detailed patient monograph for Paxil-CR (Paroxetine Hydrochloride) »

What is Patient Information Overview?

A concise overview of the drug for the patient or caregiver from First DataBank.

Paxil-CR Overview - Patient Information: Side Effects

SIDE EFFECTS: See also Warning section.

Nausea, drowsiness, dizziness, trouble sleeping, loss of appetite, weakness, dry mouth, sweating, blurred vision, and yawning may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: shaking (tremor), restlessness, inability to keep still, decreased interest in sex, changes in sexual ability, numbness/tingling, easy bruising/bleeding, fast/irregular heartbeat, muscle weakness/spasm, seizures.

Get medical help right away if you have any very serious side effects, including: black stools, vomit that looks like coffee grounds.

This medication may increase serotonin and rarely cause a very serious condition called serotonin syndrome/toxicity. The risk increases if you are also taking other drugs that increase serotonin, so tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the drugs you take (see Drug Interactions section). Get medical help right away if you develop some of the following symptoms: fast heartbeat, hallucinations, loss of coordination, severe dizziness, severe nausea/vomiting/diarrhea, twitching muscles, unexplained fever, unusual agitation/restlessness.

Rarely, males may have a painful or prolonged erection lasting 4 or more hours. If this occurs, stop using this drug and get medical help right away, or permanent problems could occur.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Read the entire patient information overview for Paxil-CR (Paroxetine Hydrochloride)»

What is Prescribing information?

The FDA package insert formatted in easy-to-find categories for health professionals and clinicians.

Paxil-CR FDA Prescribing Information: Side Effects
(Adverse Reactions)

SIDE EFFECTS

The information included under the “Adverse Findings Observed in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Trials With PAXIL CR” subsection of ADVERSE REACTIONS is based on data from 11 placebo-controlled clinical trials. Three of these studies were conducted in patients with major depressive disorder, 3 studies were done in patients with panic disorder, 1 study was conducted in patients with social anxiety disorder, and 4 studies were done in female patients with PMDD. Two of the studies in major depressive disorder, which enrolled patients in the age range 18 to 65 years, are pooled. Information from a third study of major depressive disorder, which focused on elderly patients (60 to 88 years), is presented separately as is the information from the panic disorder studies and the information from the PMDD studies. Information on additional adverse events associated with PAXIL CR and the immediate-release formulation of paroxetine hydrochloride is included in a separate subsection (see Other Events Observed During the Clinical Development of Paroxetine).

Adverse Findings Observed In Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Trials With PAXIL CR

Adverse Events Associated With Discontinuation of Treatment: Major Depressive Disorder

Ten percent (21/212) of patients treated with PAXIL CR discontinued treatment due to an adverse event in a pool of 2 studies of patients with major depressive disorder. The most common events ( ≥ 1%) associated with discontinuation and considered to be drug related (i.e., those events associated with dropout at a rate approximately twice or greater for PAXIL CR compared to placebo) included the following:

  PAXIL CR
(n = 212)
Placebo
(n = 211)
Nausea 3.7% 0.5%
Asthenia 1.9% 0.5%
Dizziness 1.4% 0.0%
Somnolence 1.4% 0.0%

In a placebo-controlled study of elderly patients with major depressive disorder, 13% (13/104) of patients treated with PAXIL CR discontinued due to an adverse event. Events meeting the above criteria included the following:

  PAXIL CR
(n = 104)
Placebo
(n = 109)
Nausea 2.9% 0.0%
Headache 1.9% 0.9%
Depression 1.9% 0.0%
LFT’s abnormal 1.9% 0.0%

Panic Disorder

Eleven percent (50/444) of patients treated with PAXIL CR in panic disorder studies discontinued treatment due to an adverse event. Events meeting the above criteria included the following:

  PAXIL CR
(n = 444)
Placebo
(n = 445)
Nausea 2.9% 0.4%
Insomnia 1.8% 0.0%
Headache 1.4% 0.2%
Asthenia 1.1% 0.0%

Social Anxiety Disorder

Three percent (5/186) of patients treated with PAXIL CR in the social anxiety disorder study discontinued treatment due to an adverse event. Events meeting the above criteria included the following:

  PAXIL CR
(n = 186)
Placebo
(n = 184)
Nausea 2.2% 0.5%
Headache 1.6% 0.5%
Diarrhea 1.1% 0.5%

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

Spontaneously reported adverse events were monitored in studies of both continuous and intermittent dosing of PAXIL CR in the treatment of PMDD. Generally, there were few differences in the adverse event profiles of the 2 dosing regimens. Thirteen percent (88/681) of patients treated with PAXIL CR in PMDD studies of continuous dosing discontinued treatment due to an adverse event.

The most common events ( ≥ 1%) associated with discontinuation in either group treated with PAXIL CR with an incidence rate that is at least twice that of placebo in PMDD trials that employed a continuous dosing regimen are shown in the following table. This table also shows those events that were dose dependent (indicated with an asterisk) as defined as events having an incidence rate with 25 mg of PAXIL CR that was at least twice that with 12.5 mg of PAXIL CR (as well as the placebo group).

  PAXIL CR 25 mg
(n = 348)
PAXIL CR 12.5 mg
(n = 333)
Placebo
(n = 349)
TOTAL 15% 9.9% 6.3%
Nauseaa 6.0% 2.4% 0.9%
Asthenia 4.9% 3.0% 1.4%
Somnolencea 4.3% 1.8% 0.3%
Insomnia 2.3% 1.5% 0.0%
Concentration Impaireda 2.0% 0.6% 0.3%
Dry moutha 2.0% 0.6% 0.3%
Dizzinessa 1.7% 0.6% 0.6%
Decreased Appetitea 1.4% 0.6% 0.0%
Sweatinga 1.4% 0.0% 0.3%
Tremora 1.4% 0.3% 0.0%
Yawna 1.1% 0.0% 0.0%
Diarrhea 0.9% 1.2% 0.0%
a Events considered to be dose dependent are defined as events having an incidence rate with 25 mg of PAXIL CR that was at least twice that with 12.5 mg of PAXIL CR (as well as the placebo group).

Commonly Observed Adverse Events

Major Depressive Disorder

The most commonly observed adverse events associated with the use of PAXIL CR in a pool of 2 trials (incidence of 5.0% or greater and incidence for PAXIL CR at least twice that for placebo, derived from Table 2) were: Abnormal ejaculation, abnormal vision, constipation, decreased libido, diarrhea, dizziness, female genital disorders, nausea, somnolence, sweating, trauma, tremor, and yawning.

Using the same criteria, the adverse events associated with the use of PAXIL CR in a study of elderly patients with major depressive disorder were: Abnormal ejaculation, constipation, decreased appetite, dry mouth, impotence, infection, libido decreased, sweating, and tremor.

Panic Disorder

In the pool of panic disorder studies, the adverse events meeting these criteria were: Abnormal ejaculation, somnolence, impotence, libido decreased, tremor, sweating, and female genital disorders (generally anorgasmia or difficulty achieving orgasm).

Social Anxiety Disorder

In the social anxiety disorder study, the adverse events meeting these criteria were: Nausea, asthenia, abnormal ejaculation, sweating, somnolence, impotence, insomnia, and libido decreased.

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

The most commonly observed adverse events associated with the use of PAXIL CR either during continuous dosing or luteal phase dosing (incidence of 5% or greater and incidence for PAXIL CR at least twice that for placebo, derived from Table 6) were: Nausea, asthenia, libido decreased, somnolence, insomnia, female genital disorders, sweating, dizziness, diarrhea, and constipation.

In the luteal phase dosing PMDD trial, which employed dosing of 12.5 mg/day or 25 mg/day of PAXIL CR limited to the 2 weeks prior to the onset of menses over 3 consecutive menstrual cycles, adverse events were evaluated during the first 14 days of each off-drug phase. When the 3 off-drug phases were combined, the following adverse events were reported at an incidence of 2% or greater for PAXIL CR and were at least twice the rate of that reported for placebo: Infection (5.3% versus 2.5%), depression (2.8% versus 0.8%), insomnia (2.4% versus 0.8%), sinusitis (2.4% versus 0%), and asthenia (2.0% versus 0.8%).

Incidence In Controlled Clinical Trials

Table 2 enumerates adverse events that occurred at an incidence of 1% or more among patients treated with PAXIL CR, aged 18 to 65, who participated in 2 short-term (12-week) placebo-controlled trials in major depressive disorder in which patients were dosed in a range of 25 mg to 62.5 mg/day. Table 3 enumerates adverse events reported at an incidence of 5% or greater among elderly patients (ages 60 to 88) treated with PAXIL CR who participated in a short-term (12-week) placebo-controlled trial in major depressive disorder in which patients were dosed in a range of 12.5 mg to 50 mg/day. Table 4 enumerates adverse events reported at an incidence of 1% or greater among patients (19 to 72 years) treated with PAXIL CR who participated in short-term (10-week) placebo-controlled trials in panic disorder in which patients were dosed in a range of 12.5 mg to 75 mg/day. Table 5 enumerates adverse events reported at an incidence of 1% or greater among adult patients treated with PAXIL CR who participated in a short-term (12-week), double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in social anxiety disorder in which patients were dosed in a range of 12.5 to 37.5 mg/day. Table 6 enumerates adverse events that occurred at an incidence of 1% or more among patients treated with PAXIL CR who participated in three, 12-week, placebo-controlled trials in PMDD in which patients were dosed at 12.5 mg/day or 25 mg/day and in one 12-week placebo-controlled trial in which patients were dosed for 2 weeks prior to the onset of menses (luteal phase dosing) at 12.5 mg/day or 25 mg/day. Reported adverse events were classified using a standard COSTART-based Dictionary terminology.

The prescriber should be aware that these figures cannot be used to predict the incidence of side effects in the course of usual medical practice where patient characteristics and other factors differ from those that prevailed in the clinical trials. Similarly, the cited frequencies cannot be compared with figures obtained from other clinical investigations involving different treatments, uses, and investigators. The cited figures, however, do provide the prescribing physician with some basis for estimating the relative contribution of drug and nondrug factors to the side effect incidence rate in the population studied.

Table 2: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events Occurring in ≥ 1% of Patients Treated With PAXIL CR in a Pool of 2 Studies in Major Depressive Disordera,b

Body System/ Adverse Event % Reporting Event
PAXIL CR
(n = 212)
Placebo
(n = 211)
Body as a Whole
Headache 27% 20%
Asthenia 14% 9%
Infectionc 8% 5%
Abdominal Pain 7% 4%
Back Pain 5% 3%
Traumad 5% 1%
Paine 3% 1%
Allergic Reactionf 2% 1%
Cardiovascular System
Tachycardia 1% 0%
Vasodilatationg 2% 0%
Digestive System
Nausea 22% 10%
Diarrhea 18% 7%
Dry Mouth 15% 8%
Constipation 10% 4%
Flatulence 6% 4%
Decreased Appetite 4% 2%
Vomiting 2% 1%
Nervous System
Somnolence 22% 8%
Insomnia 17% 9%
Dizziness 14% 4%
Libido Decreased 7% 3%
Tremor 7% 1%
Hypertonia 3% 1%
Paresthesia 3% 1%
Agitation 2% 1%
Confusion 1% 0%
Respiratory System
Yawn 5% 0%
Rhinitis 4% 1%
Cough Increased 2% 1%
Bronchitis 1% 0%
Skin and Appendages
Sweating 6% 2%
Photosensitivity 2% 0%
Special Senses
Abnormal Visionh 5% 1%
Taste Perversion 2% 0%
Urogenital System
Abnormal Ejaculationi,j 26% 1%
Female Genital Disorderi,k 10% < 1%
Impotencei 5% 3%
Urinary Tract Infection 3% 1%
Menstrual Disorderi 2% < 1%
Vaginitisi 2% 0%
aAdverse events for which the PAXIL CR reporting incidence was less than or equal to the placebo incidence are not included. These events are: Abnormal dreams, anxiety, arthralgia, depersonalization, dysmenorrhea, dyspepsia, hyperkinesia, increased appetite, myalgia, nervousness, pharyngitis, purpura, rash, respiratory disorder, sinusitis, urinary frequency, and weight gain.
b < 1% means greater than zero and less than 1%.
c Mostly flu.
d A wide variety of injuries with no obvious pattern.
e Pain in a variety of locations with no obvious pattern.
f Most frequently seasonal allergic symptoms.
g Usually flushing.
hMostly blurred vision.
iBased on the number of males or females.
j Mostly anorgasmia or delayed ejaculation.
k Mostly anorgasmia or delayed orgasm.

Table 3: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events Occurring in ≥ 5% of Patients Treated With PAXIL CR in a Study of Elderly Patients With Major Depressive Disordera,b

Body System/ Adverse Event % Reporting Event
PAXIL CR
(n = 104)
Placebo
(n = 109)
Body as a Whole
Headache 17% 13%
Asthenia 15% 14%
Trauma 8% 5%
Infection 6% 2%
Digestive System
Dry Mouth 18% 7%
Diarrhea 15% 9%
Constipation 13% 5%
Dyspepsia 13% 10%
Decreased Appetite 12% 5%
Flatulence 8% 7%
Nervous System
Somnolence 21% 12%
Insomnia 10% 8%
Dizziness 9% 5%
Libido Decreased 8% < 1%
Tremor 7% 0%
Skin and Appendages
Sweating 10% < 1%
Urogenital System
Abnormal Ejaculationc,d 17% 3%
Impotencec 9% 3%
a Adverse events for which the PAXIL CR reporting incidence was less than or equal to the placebo incidence are not included. These events are nausea and respiratory disorder.
b < 1% means greater than zero and less than 1%.
c Based on the number of males.
d Mostly anorgasmia or delayed ejaculation.

Table 4: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events Occurring in ≥ 1% of Patients Treated With PAXIL CR in a Pool of 3 Panic Disorder Studiesa,b

Body System/ Adverse Event % Reporting Event
PAXIL CR
(n = 444)
Placebo
(n = 445)
Body as a Whole
Asthenia 15% 10%
Abdominal Pain 6% 4%
Traumac 5% 4%
Cardiovascular System
Vasodilationd 3% 2%
Digestive System
Nausea 23% 17%
Dry Mouth 13% 9%
Diarrhea 12% 9%
Constipation 9% 6%
Decreased Appetite 8% 6%
Metabolic/N utritional Disorders
Weight Loss 1% 0%
Musculoskeletal System
Myalgia 5% 3%
Nervous System
Insomnia 20% 11%
Somnolence 20% 9%
Libido Decreased 9% 4%
Nervousness 8% 7%
Tremor 8% 2%
Anxiety 5% 4%
Agitation 3% 2%
Hypertoniae 2% < 1%
Myoclonus 2% < 1%
Respiratory System
Sinusitis 8% 5%
Yawn 3% 0%
Skin and Appendages
Sweating 7% 2%
Special Senses
Abnormal Visionf 3% < 1%
Urogenital System
Abnormal Ejaculationg,h 27% 3%
Impotenceg 10% 1%
Female Genital Disordersi,j 7% 1%
Urinary Frequency 2% < 1%
Urination Impaired 2% < 1%
Vaginitisi 1% < 1%
a Adverse events for which the reporting rate for PAXIL CR was less than or equal to the placebo rate are not included. These events are: Abnormal dreams, allergic reaction, back pain, bronchitis, chest pain, concentration impaired, confusion, cough increased, depression, dizziness, dysmenorrhea, dyspepsia, fever, flatulence, headache, increased appetite, infection, menstrual disorder, migraine, pain, paresthesia, pharyngitis, respiratory disorder, rhinitis, tachycardia, taste perversion, thinking abnormal, urinary tract infection, and vomiting.
b < 1% means greater than zero and less than 1%.
c Various physical injuries.
d Mostly flushing.
e Mostly muscle tightness or stiffness.
f Mostly blurred vision.
g Based on the number of male patients.
h Mostly anorgasmia or delayed ejaculation.
i Based on the number of female patients.
j Mostly anorgasmia or difficulty achieving orgasm.

Table 5: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Effects Occurring in ≥ 1% of Patients Treated With PAXIL CR in a Social Anxiety Disorder Studya,b

Body System/ Adverse Event % Reporting Event
PAXIL CR
(n = 186)
Placebo
(n = 184)
Body as a Whole
Headache 23% 17%
Asthenia 18% 7%
Abdominal Pain 5% 4%
Back Pain 4% 1%
Traumac 3% < 1%
Allergic Reaction 2% < 1%
Chest Pain 1% < 1%
Cardiovascular System
Hypertension 2% 0%
Migraine 2% 1%
Tachycardia 2% 1%
Digestive System
Nausea 22% 6%
Diarrhea 9% 8%
Constipation 5% 2%
Dry Mouth 3% 2%
Dyspepsia 2% < 1%
Decreased Appetite 1% < 1%
Tooth Disorder 1% 0%
Metabolic/Nutritional Disorders
Weight Gain 3% 1%
Weight Loss 1% 0%
Nervous System
Insomnia 9% 4%
Somnolence 9% 4%
Libido Decreased 8% 1%
Dizziness 7% 4%
Tremor 4% 2%
Anxiety 2% 1%
Concentration Impaired 2% 0%
Depression 2% 1%
Myoclonus 1% < 1%
Paresthesia 1% < 1%
Respiratory System
Yawn 2% 0%
Skin and Appendages
Sweating 14% 3%
Eczema 1% 0%
Special Senses
Abnormal Visione 2% 0%
Abnormality of Accommodation 2% 0%
Urogenital System
Abnormal Ejaculationf,g 15% 1%
Impotencef 9% 0%
Female Genital Disordersh,i 3% 0%
a Adverse events for which the reporting rate for PAXIL CR was less than or equal to the placebo rate are not included. These events are: Dysmenorrhea, flatulence, gastroenteritis, hypertonia, infection, pain, pharyngitis, rash, respiratory disorder, rhinitis, and vomiting.
b < 1% means greater than zero and less than 1%.
c Various physical injuries.
d Most frequently seasonal allergic symptoms.
e Mostly blurred vision.
f Based on the number of male patients.
g Mostly anorgasmia or delayed ejaculation.
h Based on the number of female patients.
i Mostly anorgasmia or difficulty achieving orgasm.

Table 6: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events Occurring in ≥ 1% of Patients Treated With PAXIL CR in a Pool of 3 Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder Studies With Continuous Dosing or in 1 Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder Study With Luteal Phase Dosinga,b,c

Body System/ Adverse Event % Reporting Event
Continuous Dosing Luteal Phase Dosing
PAXIL CR
(n = 681)
Placebo
(n = 349)
PAXIL CR
(n = 246)
Placebo
(n = 120)
Body as a Whole
Asthenia 17% 6% 15% 4%
Headache 15% 12% - -
Infection 6% 4% - -
Abdominal pain - - 3% 0%
Cardiovascular System
Migraine 1% < 1% - -
Digestive System
Nausea 17% 7% 18% 2%
Diarrhea 6% 2% 6% 0%
Constipation 5% 1% 2% < 1%
Dry Mouth 4% 2% 2% < 1%
Increased Appetite 3% < 1% - -
Decreased Appetite 2% < 1% 2% 0%
Dyspepsia 2% 1% 2% 2%
Gingivitis - - 1% 0%
Metabolic and Nutritional Disorders Generalized
Edema 1% < 1%
Weight Gain - - 1% < 1%
Musculoskeletal System
Arthralgia 2% 1% - -
Nervous System
Libido Decreased 12% 5% 9% 6%
Somnolence 9% 2% 3% < 1%
Insomnia 8% 2% 7% 3%
Dizziness 7% 3% 6% 3%
Tremor 4% < 1% 5% 0%
Concentration Impaired 3% < 1% 1% 0%
Nervousness 2% < 1% 3% 2%
Anxiety 2% 1% - -
Lack of Emotion 2% < 1% - -
Depression - - 2% < 1%
Vertigo - - 2% < 1%
Abnormal Dreams 1% < 1% - -
Amnesia - - 1% 0%
Respiratory System
Sinusitis - - 4% 2%
Yawn 2% < 1% - -
Bronchitis - - 2% 0%
Cough Increased 1% < 1% - -
Skin and Appendages
Sweating 7% < 1% 6% < 1%
Special Senses
Abnormal Vision - - 1% 0%
Urogenital System
Female Genital Disordersd 8% 1% 2% 0%
Menorrhagia 1% < 1% - -
Vaginal Moniliasis 1% < 1% - -
Menstrual Disorder - - 1% 0%
a Adverse events for which the reporting rate of PAXIL CR was less than or equal to the placebo rate are not included. These events for continuous dosing are: Abdominal pain, back pain, pain, trauma, weight gain, myalgia, pharyngitis, respiratory disorder, rhinitis, sinusitis, pruritus, dysmenorrhea, menstrual disorder, urinary tract infection, and vomiting. The events for luteal phase dosing are: Allergic reaction, back pain, headache, infection, pain, trauma, myalgia, anxiety, pharyngitis, respiratory disorder, cystitis, and dysmenorrhea.
b < 1% means greater than zero and less than 1%.
c The luteal phase and continuous dosing PMDD trials were not designed for making direct comparisons between the 2 dosing regimens. Therefore, a comparison between the 2 dosing regimens of the PMDD trials of incidence rates shown in Table 6 should be avoided.
d Mostly anorgasmia or difficulty achieving orgasm.

Dose Dependency of Adverse Events

Table 7 shows results in PMDD trials of common adverse events, defined as events with an incidence of ≥ 1% with 25 mg of PAXIL CR that was at least twice that with 12.5 mg of PAXIL CR and with placebo.

Table 7: Incidence of Common Adverse Events in Placebo, 12.5 mg, and 25 mg of PAXIL CR in a Pool of 3 Fixed-Dose PMDD Trials

  PAXIL CR 25 mg
(n = 348)
PAXIL CR 12.5 mg
(n = 333)
Placebo
(n = 349)
Common Adverse Event
Sweating 8.9% 4.2% 0.9%
Tremor 6.0% 1.5% 0.3%
Concentration Impaired 4.3% 1.5% 0.6%
Yawn 3.2% 0.9% 0.3%
Paresthesia 1.4% 0.3% 0.3%
Hyperkinesia 1.1% 0.3% 0.0%
Vaginitis 1.1% 0.3% 0.3%

A comparison of adverse event rates in a fixed-dose study comparing immediate-release paroxetine with placebo in the treatment of major depressive disorder revealed a clear dose dependency for some of the more common adverse events associated with the use of immediate-release paroxetine.

Male and Female Sexual Dysfunction With SSRIs

Although changes in sexual desire, sexual performance, and sexual satisfaction often occur as manifestations of a psychiatric disorder, they may also be a consequence of pharmacologic treatment. In particular, some evidence suggests that SSRIs can cause such untoward sexual experiences.

Reliable estimates of the incidence and severity of untoward experiences involving sexual desire, performance, and satisfaction are difficult to obtain; however, in part because patients and physicians may be reluctant to discuss them. Accordingly, estimates of the incidence of untoward sexual experience and performance cited in product labeling, are likely to underestimate their actual incidence.

The percentage of patients reporting symptoms of sexual dysfunction in the pool of 2 placebo-controlled trials in nonelderly patients with major depressive disorder, in the pool of 3 placebo-controlled trials in patients with panic disorder, in the placebo-controlled trial in patients with social anxiety disorder, and in the intermittent dosing and the pool of 3 placebo-controlled continuous dosing trials in female patients with PMDD are as follows:

  Major Depressive Disorder Panic Disorder Social Anxiety Disorder PMDD Continuous Dosing PMDD Luteal Phase Dosing
PAXIL CR Placebo PAXIL CR Placebo PAXIL CR Placebo PAXIL CR Placebo PAXIL CR Placebo
n (males) 78 78 162 194 88 97 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Decreased Libido 10% 5% 9% 6% 13% 1% n/a n/a n/a n/a
Ejaculatory Disturbance 26% 1% 27% 3% 15% 1% n/a n/a n/a n/a
Impotence 5% 3% 10% 1% 9% 0% n/a n/a n/a n/a
n (females) 134 133 282 251 98 87 681 349 246 120
Decreased Libido 4% 2% 8% 2% 4% 1% 12% 5% 9% 6%
Orgasmic Disturbance 10% < 1% 7% 1% 3% 0% 8% 1% 2% 0%

There are no adequate, controlled studies examining sexual dysfunction with paroxetine treatment.

Paroxetine treatment has been associated with several cases of priapism. In those cases with a known outcome, patients recovered without sequelae.

While it is difficult to know the precise risk of sexual dysfunction associated with the use of SSRIs, physicians should routinely inquire about such possible side effects.

Weight and Vital Sign Changes

Significant weight loss may be an undesirable result of treatment with paroxetine for some patients but, on average, patients in controlled trials with PAXIL CR or the immediate-release formulation, had minimal weight loss (about 1 pound). No significant changes in vital signs (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, pulse, and temperature) were observed in patients treated with PAXIL CR, or immediate-release paroxetine hydrochloride, in controlled clinical trials.

ECG Changes

In an analysis of ECGs obtained in 682 patients treated with immediate-release paroxetine and 415 patients treated with placebo in controlled clinical trials, no clinically significant changes were seen in the ECGs of either group.

Liver Function Tests

In a pool of 2 placebo-controlled clinical trials, patients treated with PAXIL CR or placebo exhibited abnormal values on liver function tests at comparable rates. In particular, the controlled-release paroxetine-versus-placebo comparisons for alkaline phosphatase, SGOT, SGPT, and bilirubin revealed no differences in the percentage of patients with marked abnormalities.

In a study of elderly patients with major depressive disorder, 3 of 104 patients treated with PAXIL CR and none of 109 placebo patients experienced liver transaminase elevations of potential clinical concern.

Two of the patients treated with PAXIL CR dropped out of the study due to abnormal liver function tests; the third patient experienced normalization of transaminase levels with continued treatment. Also, in the pool of 3 studies of patients with panic disorder, 4 of 444 patients treated with PAXIL CR and none of 445 placebo patients experienced liver transaminase elevations of potential clinical concern. Elevations in all 4 patients decreased substantially after discontinuation of PAXIL CR. The clinical significance of these findings is unknown.

In placebo-controlled clinical trials with the immediate-release formulation of paroxetine, patients exhibited abnormal values on liver function tests at no greater rate than that seen in placebo-treated patients.

Hallucinations

In pooled clinical trials of immediate-release paroxetine hydrochloride, hallucinations were observed in 22 of 9,089 patients receiving drug and in 4 of 3,187 patients receiving placebo.

Other Events Observed During The Clinical Development Of Paroxetine

The following adverse events were reported during the clinical development of PAXIL CR and/or the clinical development of the immediate-release formulation of paroxetine.

Adverse events for which frequencies are provided below occurred in clinical trials with the controlled-release formulation of paroxetine. During its premarketing assessment in major depressive disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and PMDD, multiple doses of PAXIL CR were administered to 1,627 patients in phase 3 double-blind, controlled, outpatient studies. Untoward events associated with this exposure were recorded by clinical investigators using terminology of their own choosing. Consequently, it is not possible to provide a meaningful estimate of the proportion of individuals experiencing adverse events without first grouping similar types of untoward events into a smaller number of standardized event categories.

In the tabulations that follow, reported adverse events were classified using a COSTART-based dictionary. The frequencies presented, therefore, represent the proportion of the 1,627 patients exposed to PAXIL CR who experienced an event of the type cited on at least 1 occasion while receiving PAXIL CR. All reported events are included except those already listed in Tables 2 through 7 and those events where a drug cause was remote. If the COSTART term for an event was so general as to be uninformative, it was deleted or, when possible, replaced with a more informative term. It is important to emphasize that although the events reported occurred during treatment with paroxetine, they were not necessarily caused by it.

Events are further categorized by body system and listed in order of decreasing frequency according to the following definitions: Frequent adverse events are those occurring on 1 or more occasions in at least 1/100 patients (only those not already listed in the tabulated results from placebo-controlled trials appear in this listing); infrequent adverse events are those occurring in 1/100 to 1/1,000 patients; rare events are those occurring in fewer than 1/1,000 patients.

Adverse events for which frequencies are not provided occurred during the premarketing assessment of immediate-release paroxetine in phase 2 and 3 studies of major depressive disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder. The conditions and duration of exposure to immediate-release paroxetine varied greatly and included (in overlapping categories) open and double-blind studies, uncontrolled and controlled studies, inpatient and outpatient studies, and fixed-dose and titration studies. Only those events not previously listed for controlled-release paroxetine are included. The extent to which these events may be associated with PAXIL CR is unknown.

Events are listed alphabetically within the respective body system. Events of major clinical importance are also described in the PRECAUTIONS section.

Body as a Whole: Infrequent were chills, face edema, fever, flu syndrome, malaise; rare were abscess, anaphylactoid reaction, anticholinergic syndrome, hypothermia; also observed were adrenergic syndrome, neck rigidity, sepsis.

Cardiovascular System: Infrequent were angina pectoris, bradycardia, hematoma, hypertension, hypotension, palpitation, postural hypotension, supraventricular tachycardia, syncope; rare were bundle branch block; also observed were arrhythmia nodal, atrial fibrillation, cerebrovascular accident, congestive heart failure, low cardiac output, myocardial infarct, myocardial ischemia, pallor, phlebitis, pulmonary embolus, supraventricular extrasystoles, thrombophlebitis, thrombosis, vascular headache, ventricular extrasystoles.

Digestive System: Infrequent were bruxism, dysphagia, eructation, gastritis, gastroenteritis, gastroesophageal reflux, gingivitis, hemorrhoids, liver function test abnormal, melena, pancreatitis, rectal hemorrhage, toothache, ulcerative stomatitis; rare were colitis, glossitis, gum hyperplasia, hepatosplenomegaly, increased salivation, intestinal obstruction, peptic ulcer, stomach ulcer, throat tightness; also observed were aphthous stomatitis, bloody diarrhea, bulimia, cardiospasm, cholelithiasis, duodenitis, enteritis, esophagitis, fecal impactions, fecal incontinence, gum hemorrhage, hematemesis, hepatitis, ileitis, ileus, jaundice, mouth ulceration, salivary gland enlargement, sialadenitis, stomatitis, tongue discoloration, tongue edema.

Endocrine System: Infrequent were ovarian cyst, testes pain; rare were diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism; also observed were goiter, hypothyroidism, thyroiditis.

Hemic and Lymphatic System: Infrequent were anemia, eosinophilia, hypochromic anemia, leukocytosis, leukopenia, lymphadenopathy, purpura; rare were thrombocytopenia; also observed were anisocytosis, basophilia, bleeding time increased, lymphedema, lymphocytosis, lymphopenia, microcytic anemia, monocytosis, normocytic anemia, thrombocythemia.

Metabolic and Nutritional Disorders: Infrequent were generalized edema, hyperglycemia, hypokalemia, peripheral edema, SGOT increased, SGPT increased, thirst; rare were bilirubinemia, dehydration, hyperkalemia, obesity; also observed were alkaline phosphatase increased, BUN increased, creatinine phosphokinase increased, gamma globulins increased, gout, hypercalcemia, hypercholesteremia, hyperphosphatemia, hypocalcemia, hypoglycemia, hyponatremia, ketosis, lactic dehydrogenase increased, non-protein nitrogen (NPN) increased.

Musculoskeletal System: Infrequent were arthritis, bursitis, tendonitis; rare were myasthenia, myopathy, myositis; also observed were generalized spasm, osteoporosis, tenosynovitis, tetany.

Nervous System: Frequent were depression; infrequent were amnesia, convulsion, depersonalization, dystonia, emotional lability, hallucinations, hyperkinesia, hypesthesia, hypokinesia, incoordination, libido increased, neuralgia, neuropathy, nystagmus, paralysis, vertigo; rare were ataxia, coma, diplopia, dyskinesia, hostility, paranoid reaction, torticollis, withdrawal syndrome; also observed were abnormal gait, akathisia, akinesia, aphasia, choreoathetosis, circumoral paresthesia, delirium, delusions, dysarthria, euphoria, extrapyramidal syndrome, fasciculations, grand mal convulsion, hyperalgesia, irritability, manic reaction, manic-depressive reaction, meningitis, myelitis, peripheral neuritis, psychosis, psychotic depression, reflexes decreased, reflexes increased, stupor, trismus.

Respiratory System: Frequent were pharyngitis; infrequent were asthma, dyspnea, epistaxis, laryngitis, pneumonia; rare were stridor; also observed were dysphonia, emphysema, hemoptysis, hiccups, hyperventilation, lung fibrosis, pulmonary edema, respiratory flu, sputum increased.

Skin and Appendages: Frequent were rash; infrequent were acne, alopecia, dry skin, eczema, pruritus, urticaria; rare were exfoliative dermatitis, furunculosis, pustular rash, seborrhea; also observed were angioedema, ecchymosis, erythema multiforme, erythema nodosum, hirsutism, maculopapular rash, skin discoloration, skin hypertrophy, skin ulcer, sweating decreased, vesiculobullous rash.

Special Senses: Infrequent were conjunctivitis, earache, keratoconjunctivitis, mydriasis, photophobia, retinal hemorrhage, tinnitus; rare were blepharitis, visual field defect; also observed were amblyopia, anisocoria, blurred vision, cataract, conjunctival edema, corneal ulcer, deafness, exophthalmos, glaucoma, hyperacusis, night blindness, parosmia, ptosis, taste loss.

Urogenital System: Frequent were dysmenorrhea*; infrequent were albuminuria, amenorrhea*, breast pain*, cystitis, dysuria, prostatitis*, urinary retention; rare were breast enlargement*, breast neoplasm*, female lactation, hematuria, kidney calculus, metrorrhagia* , nephritis, nocturia, pregnancy and puerperal disorders*, salpingitis, urinary incontinence, uterine fibroids enlarged*; also observed were breast atrophy, ejaculatory disturbance, endometrial disorder, epididymitis, fibrocystic breast, leukorrhea, mastitis, oliguria, polyuria, pyuria, urethritis, urinary casts, urinary urgency, urolith, uterine spasm, vaginal hemorrhage.

*Based on the number of men and women as appropriate.

Postmarketing Reports

Voluntary reports of adverse events in patients taking immediate-release paroxetine hydrochloride that have been received since market introduction and not listed above that may have no causal relationship with the drug include acute pancreatitis, elevated liver function tests (the most severe cases were deaths due to liver necrosis, and grossly elevated transaminases associated with severe liver dysfunction), Guillain-Barré syndrome, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, priapism, syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion, symptoms suggestive of prolactinemia and galactorrhea; extrapyramidal symptoms which have included akathisia, bradykinesia, cogwheel rigidity, dystonia, hypertonia, oculogyric crisis which has been associated with concomitant use of pimozide; tremor and trismus; status epilepticus, acute renal failure, pulmonary hypertension, allergic alveolitis, anaphylaxis, eclampsia, laryngismus, optic neuritis, porphyria, restless legs syndrome (RLS), ventricular fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia (including torsade de pointes), thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, events related to impaired hematopoiesis (including aplastic anemia, pancytopenia, bone marrow aplasia, and agranulocytosis), vasculitic syndromes (such as Henoch-Schönlein purpura) and premature births in pregnant women. There has been a case report of an elevated phenytoin level after 4 weeks of immediate-release paroxetine and phenytoin coadministration. There has been a case report of severe hypotension when immediate-release paroxetine was added to chronic metoprolol treatment.

Drug Abuse And Dependence

Controlled Substance Class

PAXIL CR is not a controlled substance.

Physical And Psychologic Dependence

PAXIL CR has not been systematically studied in animals or humans for its potential for abuse, tolerance or physical dependence. While the clinical trials did not reveal any tendency for any drug-seeking behavior, these observations were not systematic and it is not possible to predict on the basis of this limited experience the extent to which a CNS-active drug will be misused, diverted, and/or abused once marketed. Consequently, patients should be evaluated carefully for history of drug abuse, and such patients should be observed closely for signs of misuse or abuse of PAXIL CR (e.g., development of tolerance, incrementations of dose, drug-seeking behavior).

Read the entire FDA prescribing information for Paxil-CR (Paroxetine Hydrochloride) »

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Paxil-CR - User Reviews

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