"A unique type of poster placed in exam rooms helped reduce unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions for respiratory infections during flu season. The approach could help reduce costs and extend the usefulness of these drugs.
To reverse the effect upon the central nervous system, caused by clinical or toxic dosages of drugs capable of producing the anticholinergic syndrome.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Post Anesthesia Care: 0.5 to 1.0 mg intramuscularly or intravenously. INTRAVENOUS ADMINISTRATION SHOULD BE AT A SLOW CONTROLLED RATE OF NO MORE THAN 1 MG PER MINUTE. Dosage may be repeated at intervals of 10 to 30 minutes if desired patient response is not obtained.
OVERDOSAGE OF DRUGS THAT CAUSE ANTICHOLINERGIA: 2.0 mg intramuscularly or INTRAVENOUSLY AT SLOW CONTROLLED RATE (SEE ABOVE). Dosage may be repeated if life threatening signs, such as arrhythmia, convulsions or coma occurs.
PEDIATRIC DOSAGE: Recommended dosage is 0.02 mg/kg, intramuscularly or by slow intravenous injection, no more than 0.5 mg per minute. If the toxic effects persist, and there is no sign of cholinergic effects, the dosage may be repeated at 5 to 10 minute intervals until a therapeutic effect is obtained or a maximum of 2 mg dosage is attained.
IN ALL CASES OF POISONING, THE USUAL SUPPORTIVE MEASURES SHOULD BE UNDERTAKEN.
NDC 11098-510-02 2 mL Ampules packed 10 per box, 1 mg per mL.
STORAGE: Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].
SOME DRUGS WHICH PRODUCE THE ANTICHOLINERGIC SYNDROME
Amitriptyline, Amoxapine, Anisotropine, Atropine, Benztropine, Biperiden, Carbinoxamine, Clidinium, Cyclobenzaprine, Desipramine, Doxepin, Homatropine, Hyoscine, Hyoscyamine, Hyoscyamus, Imipramine, Lorazepam, Maprotiline, Mepenzolate, Nortriptyline, Propantheline, Protriptyline, Scopolamine, Trimipramine.
SOME PLANTS THAT PRODUCE THE ANTICHOLINERGIC SYNDROME
Black Henbane, Deadly Night Shade, Devil's Apple, Jimson Weed, Loco Seeds or Weeds, Matrimony Vine, Night Blooming Jessamine, Stinkweed.
Taylor Pharmaceuticals, Decatur, IL 62522. Rev. 03/06. FDA revision date: n/aThis monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Last reviewed on RxList: 11/10/2008
Additional Physostigmine Salicylate Information
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