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Pilonidal Cyst

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Pilonidal cyst facts

  • Pilonidal cysts are sacs filled with hair and skin debris that form at the top of the crease of the buttocks above the sacrum. A painful abscess can form if the cyst and the overlying skin become infected.
  • Pilonidal cysts are caused by groups of hairs and debris trapped in the pores of the skin in the upper cleft of the buttock, forming an abscess.
  • Risk factors for pilonidal cysts include being male, sedentary, having thick body hair, family history, being overweight, and previous pilonidal cysts.
  • Symptoms of pilonidal cysts include
    • pain,
    • redness,
    • swelling,
    • fever, and
    • if the abscess ruptures, there may be discharge of blood or pus.
  • Treatment for pilonidal cysts involves incision and drainage (I&D) or surgery.
  • Home remedies include sitz baths and some vitamin supplements.
  • The prognosis for a pilonidal cyst is generally good. Recurrences are common.

What is a pilonidal cyst?

A pilonidal cyst is a sac filled with debris and hair that occurs in the area at the top of the crease of the buttocks overlying the tailbone (sacrum). This cyst and the overlying skin in the area can become infected, forming a painful abscess.

Picture of a pilonidal cyst
Picture of a pilonidal cyst
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/2/2017

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/pilonidal_cyst/article.htm

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