"What are oral diabetes medications and how do they work?
Insulin is a hormone produced by cells in the pancreas called beta cells. Insulin helps the body use blood glucose (a type of sugar) for energy. People with type 2 diabetes "...
(repaglinide and metformin HCl)
Lactic acidosis is a rare but serious complication that can occur due to metformin accumulation. The risk increases with conditions such as sepsis, dehydration, excess alcohol intake, hepatic impairment, renal impairment, and acute congestive heart failure.
The onset of lactic acidosis often is subtle, and accompanied only by nonspecific symptoms such as malaise, myalgias, respiratory distress, increasing somnolence, and nonspecific abdominal distress.
Laboratory abnormalities include low pH, increased anion gap and elevated blood lactate.
If acidosis is suspected, PrandiMet should be discontinued and the patient hospitalized immediately [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
PrandiMet (repaglinide and metformin HCl) tablets contain two oral antihyperglycemic drugs used in the management of type 2 diabetes: repaglinide and metformin HCl. The concomitant use of repaglinide and metformin has been previously approved based on clinical trials in patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled on exercise, diet, and metformin HCl alone.
Repaglinide, S(+)2-ethoxy-4(2((3-methyl-1-(2-(1-piperidinyl) phenyl)-butyl) amino)-2-oxoethyl) benzoic acid, is chemically unrelated to the oral sulfonylurea insulin secretagogues. Repaglinide is a white to off-white powder with molecular formula C27 H36 N2 O4 and a molecular weight of 452.6 with the structural formula as shown below. Repaglinide is freely soluble in methanol and ethanol. The pKa of repaglinide in acid is 3.9, and the pKa in amine is 6.0.
Structural formula of Repaglinide
Metformin HCl (N,N-dimethylimidodicarbonimidic diamide hydrochloride) is not chemically or pharmacologically related to any other classes of oral antihyperglycemic agents. Metformin HCl is a white to off-white crystalline compound with a molecular formula of C4H11N5•HCl and a molecular weight of 165.63. Metformin HCl is freely soluble in water and is practically insoluble in acetone, ether, and chloroform. The pKa of metformin HCl is 12.4. The pH of a 1% aqueous solution of metformin HCl is 6.68. The structural formula of metformin HCl is:
PrandiMet is available as a tablet for oral administration containing 1 mg repaglinide with 500 mg metformin HCl (1 mg/500 mg) or 2 mg repaglinide with 500 mg metformin HCl (2 mg/500 mg) formulated with the following inactive ingredients: poloxamer 188, microcrystalline cellulose, polacrillin potassium, magnesium stearate, hypromellose 3cp or 6cp, povidone, meglumine, sorbitol, talc, titanium dioxide, red or yellow iron oxide, and polyethylene glycol. Propylene glycol is present in the 2 mg/500 mg PrandiMet tablets.
What are the possible side effects of metformin and repaglinide (PrandiMet)?
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, is the most common side effect of metformin and repaglinide. Symptoms include headache, hunger, weakness, sweating, tremors, irritability, trouble concentrating, rapid breathing, fast heartbeat, fainting, or seizure (severe hypoglycemia can be fatal). Carry hard candy or glucose tablets with you in case you have low blood sugar.
This medication may cause...
What are the precautions when taking repaglinide and metformin hcl tablets (Prandimet)?
See also Warning section.
Before taking this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to repaglinide or metformin; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: kidney disease.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: severe breathing problems (such as obstructive lung disease, severe asthma), blood problems (such as anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency), heart problems (such as heart failure, recent heart attack),...
Last reviewed on RxList: 5/7/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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