(Pregnancy Induced Hypertension)
- Preeclampsia Facts*
- What Is High Blood Pressure?
- What Are the Effects of High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy?
- What Is Preeclampsia?
- How Common Are High Blood Pressure and Preeclampsia in Pregnancy?
- Who Is More Likely to Develop Preeclampsia?
- What Are the Symptoms of Preeclampsia and How Is It Detected?
- How Can Women with High Blood Pressure Prevent Problems During Pregnancy?
- Does Hypertension or Preeclampsia During Pregnancy Cause Long-Term Heart and Blood Vessel Problems?
- Find a local Obstetrician-Gynecologist in your town
*Preeclampsia facts medically edited by: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
- High blood pressure during pregnancy can be dangerous for the mother and baby.
- Effects of high blood pressure during pregnancy range from mild to severe.
- Preeclampsia (high blood pressure during pregnancy) generally begins after the 20th week of pregnancy and is related to increased blood pressure and protein in the mother's urine.
- Approximately 6% to 8% of women in the U.S. experience high blood pressure during pregnancy.
- Risk factors for preeclampsia include chronic high blood pressure before becoming pregnant; preeclampsia in previous pregnancies; pregnancy occurring under the age of 20 or over the age of 40, multiple gestation; and previous conditions such as lupus, scleroderma, diabetes, kidney disease, and rheumatoid arthritis.
- Symptoms of preeclampsia include persistent headaches, blurred vision, abdominal pain, and sensitivity to light.
- There is no single test to diagnose preeclampsia.
- If you have high blood pressure and are thinking of becoming pregnant; keep your blood pressure under control with lifestyle changes; discuss how high blood pressure may affect you and your baby with your doctor; if you take blood pressure medications; discuss how these medications may affect your baby.
- While you are pregnant avoid alcohol and tobacco, make sure you receive regular prenatal medical care, and discuss any OTC medications you are taking with your doctor.
- There is no proven way to prevent preeclampsia.
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