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PRELONE (prednisolone (syrup)) Syrup is indicated in the following conditions:
1. Endocrine Disorders: Primary or secondary adrenocortical insufficiency (hydrocortisone or cortisone is the first choice: synthetic analogs may be used in conjunction with mineralocorticoids where applicable; in infancy mineralo-corticoid supplementation is of particular importance).
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Rheumatoid arthritis, including juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (selected cases may require low-dose maintenance therapy)
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Acute and subacute bursitis
- Acute nonspecific tenosynovitis
- Acute gouty arthritis
- Post-traumatic osteoarthritis
- Synovitis of osteoarthritis
4. Dermatologic Diseases:
- Bullous dermatitis herpetiformis
- Severe erythema multiforme (Stevens-Johnson syndrome)
- Exfoliative dermatitis
- Mycosis fungoides
- Severe psoriasis
- Severe seborrheic dermatitis
- Seasonal or perennial allergic rhinitis
- Bronchial asthma
- Contact dermatitis
- Atopic dermatitis
- Serum sickness
- Drug hypersensitivity reactions
- Allergic corneal marginal ulcers
- Herpes zoster ophthalmicus
- Anterior segment inflammation
- Diffuse posterior uveitis and choroiditis
- Sympathetic ophthalmia
- Allergic conjunctivitis
- Optic neuritis
- Iritis and Iridocyclitis
7. Respiratory Diseases:
- Symptomatic sarcoidosis
- Loeffler's syndrome not manageable by other means
- Fulminating or disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis when used concurrently with appropriate antituberculous chemotherapy
- Aspirator pneumonitis
8. Hematologic Disorders:
- Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in adults
- Secondary thrombocytopenia in adults
- Acquired (autoimmune) hemolytie anemia
- Erythroblastopenia (RBC anemia)
- Congenital (erythroid) hypoplastic anemia
11. Gastrointestinal Diseases: To tide the patient over a critical period of the disease in:
12. Miscellaneous: Tuberculous meningitis with subarachnoid block or impending block used concurrently with appropriate antituberculous chemotherapy. Trichinosis with neurologic or myocardial involvement.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Dosage of PRELONE (prednisolone (syrup)) ' Syrup should be individualized according to the severity of the disease and the response of the patient. For pediatric patients, the recommended dosage should be governed by the same considerations rather than strict adherence to the ratio indicated by age or body weight.
Hormone therapy is an adjunct to and not a replacement for conventional therapy.
Dosage should be decreased or discontinued gradually when the drug has been administered for more than a few days.
If a period of spontaneous remission occurs in a chronic condition, treatment should be discontinued.
Blood pressure, body weight, routine laboratory studies, including two-hour postprandial blood glucose and serum potassium, and a chest X-ray should be obtained at regular intervals during prolonged therapy. Upper Gl X-rays are desirable in patients with known or suspected peptic ulcer disease.
The initial dosage of PRELONE (prednisolone (syrup)) Syrup may vary from 5 mg to 60 mg per day depending on the specific disease entity being treated. In situations of less severity lower doses will generally suffice while in selected patients higher initial doses may be required. The initial dosage should be maintained or adjusted until a satisfactory response is noted. If after a reasonable period of time there is a lack of satisfactory clinical response, PRELONE (prednisolone (syrup)) Syrup should be discontinued and the patient transferred to other appropriate therapy.
IT SHOULD BE EMPHASIZED THAT DOSAGE REQUIREMENTS ARE VARIABLE AND MUST BE INDIVIDUALIZED ON THE BASIS OF THE DISEASE UNDER TREATMENT AND THE RESPONSE OF THE PATIENT.
After a favorable response is noted, the proper maintenance dosage should be determined by decreasing the initial drug dosage in small decrements at appropriate time intervals until the lowest dosage which will maintain an adequate clinical response is reached. It should be kept in mind that constant monitoring is needed in regard to drug dosage. Included in the situations which may make dosage adjustments necessary are changes in clinical status secondary to remissions or exacerbations in the disease process, the patients individual drug responsiveness, and the effect of patient exposure to stressful situations not directly related to the disease entity under treatment. In this latter situation it may be necessary to increase the dosage of PRELONE (prednisolone (syrup)) Syrup for a period of time consistent with the patients condition. If after long-term therapy the drug is to be stopped, it is recommended that it be withdrawn gradually rather than abruptly.
PRELONE (prednisolone (syrup)) Syrup is a cherry flavored red liquid containing 15 mg of Prednisolone in each 5 mL (teaspoonful) and is supplied in 240 mL bottles (NDC #0451-1500-08) and 480 mL bottles (0451-1500-16).
Pharmacist: Dispense with a suitable calibrated measuring device to assure proper measuring of dose.
- 15 mg prednisolone = 1 teaspoon
- 10 mg prednisolone = 2/3 teaspoon
- 7.5 mg prednisolone = 1/2 teaspoon
- 5 mg prednisolone = 1/3 teaspoon
Dispense in tight, light-resistant and child-resistant containers as defined in USP/NF.
Store at controlled room temperature 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F). Do Not Refrigerate.
KV Pharmaceutical Co. for
St. Louis, MO 63043-2413
Last reviewed on RxList: 12/8/2004
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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