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Premarin Vaginal Cream

"Investigators from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Hormone Trials are reaffirming conclusions that hormone therapy is not recommended for the prevention of chronic disease, but may remain a reasonable option for the short-term management "...

Premarin Vaginal Cream

Premarin Vaginal Cream

SIDE EFFECTS

The following serious adverse reactions are discussed elsewhere in the labeling:

Clinical Study Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trial of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

In a 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of PREMARIN Vaginal Cream (PVC), a total of 423 postmenopausal women received at least 1 dose of study medication and were included in all safety analyses: 143 women in the PVC-21/7 treatment group (0.5 g PVC daily for 21 days, then 7 days off), 72 women in the matching placebo treatment group; 140 women in the PVC-2x/wk treatment group (0.5 g PVC twice weekly), 68 women in the matching placebo treatment group. A 40-week, open-label extension followed, in which a total of 394 women received treatment with PVC, including those subjects randomized at baseline to placebo. In this study, the most common adverse reactions ≥ 5 percent are shown below (Table 1) [see Clinical Studies].

Table 1: Number (%) of Patients Reporting Treatment Emergent Adverse Events ≥ 5 Percent Only

Body Systema
Adverse Event
Treatment
PVC 21/7 21/7 (n=143) Placebo (n=72) PVC 2x/wk
(n=140)
Placebo 2x/wk
(n=68)
Number (%) of Patients with Adverse Event
Any Adverse Event 95 (66.4) 45 (62.5) 97 (69.3) 46 (67.6)
Body As A Whole
Abdominal Pain 11 (7.7) 2 (2.8) 9 (6.4) 6 (8.8)
Accidental Injury 4 (2.8) 5 (6.9) 9 (6.4) 3 (4.4)
Asthenia 8 (5.6) 0 2 (1.4) 1 (1.5)
Back Pain 7 (4.9) 3 (4.2) 13 (9.3) 5 (7.4)
Headache 16 (11.2) 9 (12.5) 25 (17.9) 12 (17.6)
Infection 7 (4.9) 5 (6.9) 16 (11.4) 5 (7.4)
Pain 10 (7.0) 3 (4.2) 4 (2.9) 4 (5.9)
Cardiovascular System
Vasodilatation 5 (3.5) 4 (5.6) 7 (5.0) 1 (1.5)
Digestive System
Diarrhea 4 (2.8) 2 (2.8) 10 (7.1) 1 (1.5)
Nausea 5 (3.5) 4 (5.6) 3 (2.1) 3 (4.4)
Musculoskeletal System
Arthralgia 5 (3.5) 5 (6.9) 6 (4.3) 4 (5.9)
Nervous System
Insomnia 6 (4.2) 3 (4.2) 4 (2.9) 4 (5.9)
Respiratory System
Cough Increased 0 1 (1.4) 7 (5.0) 3 (4.4)
Pharyngitis 3 (2.1) 2 (2.8) 7 (5.0) 3 (4.4)
Sinusitis 1 (0.7) 3 (4.2) 2 (1.4) 4 (5.9)
Skin And Appendages 12 (8.4) 7 (9.7) 16 (11.4) 3 (4.4)
Urogenital System
Breast Pain 8 (5.6) 1 (1.4) 4 (2.9) 0
Leukorrhea 3 (2.1) 2 (2.8) 4 (2.9) 6 (8.8)
Vaginitis 8 (5.6) 3 (4.2) 7 (5.0) 3 (4.4)
a Body system totals are not necessarily the sum of the individual adverse events, since a patient may report two or more different adverse events in the same body system.

Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been reported with PREMARIN Vaginal Cream. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Genitourinary System

Abnormal uterine bleeding/spotting, dysmenorrhea/pelvic pain, increase in size of uterine leiomyomata, vaginitis (including vaginal candidiasis), change in cervical secretion, cystitis-like syndrome, application site reactions of vulvovaginal discomfort, (including burning, irritation, and genital pruritus), endometrial hyperplasia, endometrial cancer, precocious puberty, leukorrhea.

Breasts

Tenderness, enlargement, pain, discharge, fibrocystic breast changes, breast cancer, gynecomastia in males.

Cardiovascular

Deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, myocardial infarction, stroke, increase in blood pressure.

Gastrointestinal

Nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, bloating, increased incidence of gallbladder disease.

Skin

Chloasma that may persist when drug is discontinued, loss of scalp hair, hirsutism, rash.

Eyes

Retinal vascular thrombosis, intolerance to contact lenses.

Central Nervous System

Headache, migraine, dizziness, mental depression, nervousness, mood disturbances, irritability, dementia.

Miscellaneous

Increase or decrease in weight, glucose intolerance, edema, arthralgias, leg cramps, changes in libido, urticaria, anaphylactic reactions, exacerbation of asthma, increased triglycerides, hypersensitivity.

Additional postmarketing adverse reactions have been reported in patients receiving other forms of hormone therapy.

Read the Premarin Vaginal Cream (conjugated estrogens vaginal cream) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects

DRUG INTERACTIONS

No formal drug interaction studies have been conducted for PREMARIN Vaginal Cream.

Metabolic Interactions

In vitro and in vivo studies have shown that estrogens are metabolized partially by cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4). Therefore, inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4 may affect estrogen drug metabolism. Inducers of CYP3A4, such as St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum) preparations, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, and rifampin, may reduce plasma concentrations of estrogens, possibly resulting in a decrease in therapeutic effects and/or changes in the uterine bleeding profile. Inhibitors of CYP3A4, such as erythromycin, clarithromycin, ketoconazole, itraconazole, ritonavir and grapefruit juice, may increase plasma concentrations of estrogens and may result in side effects.

Read the Premarin Vaginal Cream Drug Interactions Center for a complete guide to possible interactions

Last reviewed on RxList: 6/7/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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Premarin Vaginal Cream - User Reviews

Premarin Vaginal Cream User Reviews

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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

 

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.


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