March 25, 2017
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Prestalia

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Prestalia

PRESTALIA
(perindopril arginine and amlodipine) Tablets

WARNING

FETAL TOXICITY

  • When pregnancy is detected, discontinue PRESTALIA as soon as possible [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
  • Drugs that act directly on the renin-angiotens in system can cause injury and death to the developing fetus [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

DRUG DESCRIPTION

PRESTALIA is a combination of perindopril arginine and amlodipine besylate.

Perindopril arginine is the L-arginine salt of perindopril, the ethyl ester of a non-sulfhydryl angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor. Perindopril arginine is chemically described as L-arginine (2S,3aS,7aS)-1- [(2S)-2-[[(1S)-1-(ethoxycarbonyl)butyl]amino]propanoyl] octahydro-1H-indole-2-carboxylate. Its empirical formula is C19H32N2O5 •C6H14N4O2 and its structural formula is:

Perindopril arginine - Structural Formula Illustration

Perindopril arginine is a white, crystalline powder with a molecular weight 542.7. The free acid has the molecular weight of 368.5. It is readily soluble in purified water, slightly soluble in 95% ethanol, and practically insoluble in chloroform.

Perindopril is the free-acid form of perindopril arginine. Perindopril is a pro-drug and is metabolized in vivo by hydrolysis of the ester group to form perindoprilat, the biologically active metabolite.

Amlodipine besylate is the benzene sulphonic acid salt of amlodipine, a long-acting dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker. Amlodipine besylate is chemically described as 3-ethyl-5-methyl (±)-2-[(2- aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate monobenzenesulphonate. Its empirical formula is C20H25ClN2O5 •C6H6O3S and its structural formula is:

Amlodipine besylate - Structural Formula Illustration

Amlodipine besylate is a white crystalline powder with a molecular weight of 567.1. It is slightly soluble in water and sparingly soluble in ethanol. The content of the tablets is expressed as amlodipine (free base) which has a molecular weight of 409.1.

PRESTALIA tablets are formulated in three different strengths for oral administration. Tablets contain perindopril arginine 3.5 mg, 7 mg, or 14 mg and amlodipine 2.5 mg, 5 mg, or 10 mg for the following available perindopril arginine/amlodipine combinations: 3.5/2.5 mg, 7/5 mg, and 14/10 mg.

Inactive ingredients are lactose, microcrystalline cellulose, colloidal silicon dioxide, and magnesium stearate.

Last reviewed on RxList: 12/12/2016
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

 

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.


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