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Preventive Mastectomy (cont.)

Where can a person find more information about breast implants?

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates the use of breast implants and can supply detailed information about these devices. To listen to recorded information or request free printed material on breast implants, consumers can contact the FDA Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH) at:

U.S. Foods and Drug Administration

Consumer Staff
Center for Devices and Radiological Health
Office of Device Evaluation
10903 New Hampshire Avenue WO66-1676
Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002

Telephone: 1-888-INFO-FDA (1-888-463-6332), toll-free
(Call between 8:00 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., Eastern Standard Time, for either number.)


Web site:
(Breast Implants Home Page)

Medically reviewed by Mikio A Nihira, MD; American Board of Obstetrics & Gynecology


U.S. National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute
Last update: 6/6/2008

Singletary SE. Techniques in surgery: Therapeutic and prophylactic mastectomy. In: Harris JR, Lippman ME, Morrow M, Osborn CK, editors. Diseases of the Breast. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2004.

Sherry RM. Cancer prevention: Role of surgery in cancer prevention. In: DeVita VT Jr., Hellman S, Rosenberg SA, editors. Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. Vol. 1 and 2. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2001.

Dickson RB, Lippman ME. Cancer of the breast. In: DeVita VT Jr., Hellman S, Rosenberg SA, editors. Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. Vol. 1 and 2. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2001.

Sakorafas GH. Women at high risk for breast cancer: Preventive strategies. The Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine 2002; 69(4):264-266.

Taucher S, Gnant M, Jakesz R. Preventive mastectomy in patients at breast cancer risk due to genetic alterations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene. Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery 2003; 388(1):3-8.

Anderson BO. Prophylactic surgery to reduce breast cancer risk: A brief literature review. The Breast Journal 2001; 7(5):321-330.

Hartmann LC, Schaid DJ, Woods JE, et al. Efficacy of bilateral prophylactic mastectomy in women with a family history of breast cancer. The New England Journal of Medicine 1999; 340(2):77-84.

Keefe KA, Meyskens FL Jr. Cancer prevention. In: Abeloff MD, Armitage JO, Lichter AS, Niederhuber JE, editors. Clinical Oncology. 2nd ed. London: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.

Levine DA, Gemignani ML. Prophylactic surgery in hereditary breast/ovarian cancer syndrome. Oncology 2003; 17(7):932-941.

Fisher B, Costantino JP, Wickerham DL, et al. Tamoxifen for the prevention of breast cancer: Current status of the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project P-1 Study. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2005; 97(22):1652-1662.

Vogel VG, Costantino JP, Wickerham DL, et al. Effects of tamoxifen vs raloxifene on the risk of developing invasive breast cancer and other disease outcomes: The NSABP Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene (STAR) P-2 Trial. Journal of the American Medical Association 2006; 295(23):2727-2741.

Monteiro M. Physical therapy implications following the TRAM procedure. Physical Therapy 1997; 77(7):765-770.

Last Editorial Review: 6/6/2008

Patient Comments

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Preventive Mastectomy - Experience Question: Please describe your experience with mastectomy.
Preventive Mastectomy - Reconstruction Question: Did you have breast reconstruction after undergoing preventive mastectomy?
Preventive Mastectomy - Breast Cancer Question: Did you get breast cancer despite having a preventive mastectomy?
Preventive Mastectomy - Procedure Question: What kind of preventive mastectomy procedure did you have, a total mastectomy or a subcutaneous mastectomy?

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