"Pneumococcal pneumonia, caused when the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae infects the lungs, is the most common disease caused by this bacterium in adults. When the bacterium invades parts of the body that are normally free from germs, such as t"...
Prevnar Patient Information including How Should I Take
In this Article
- What is pneumococcal 7-valent conjugate vaccine (Prevnar)?
- What are the possible side effects of this vaccine (Prevnar)?
- What is the most important information I should know about this vaccine (Prevnar)?
- What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before receiving this vaccine (Prevnar)?
- How is this vaccine given (Prevnar)?
- What happens if I miss a dose (Prevnar)?
- What happens if I overdose (Prevnar)?
- What should I avoid before or after receiving this vaccine (Prevnar)?
- What other drugs will affect this vaccine (Prevnar)?
- Where can I get more information?
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before receiving this vaccine (Prevnar)?
Keep track of any and all side effects your child has after receiving this vaccine. When the child receives a booster dose, you will need to tell the doctor if the previous shot caused any side effects.
Your child should not receive this vaccine if he or she has ever had a severe allergic reaction to a pneumococcal or diphtheria vaccine.
To make sure your child can safely receive this vaccine, tell your doctor if your child has any of these other conditions:
- a bleeding or blood clotting disorder such as hemophilia or easy bruising;
- a history of seizures;
- a weak immune system caused by disease, bone marrow transplant, or by using certain medicines or receiving cancer treatments; or
- if the child is taking a blood thinner such as warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven).
Your child can still receive a vaccine if he or she has a minor cold. In the case of a more severe illness with a fever or any type of infection, wait until the child gets better before receiving this vaccine.
How is this vaccine given (Prevnar)?
This vaccine is injected into a muscle. Your child will receive this injection in a doctor's office or clinic setting.
The pneumococcal 7-valent conjugate vaccine is given in a series of shots. The first shot is usually given when the child is 2 months old. The booster shots are then given at 4 months, 6 months, and 12 to 15 months of age.
The first injection should be given no earlier than 6 weeks of age. Allow at least 2 months to pass between injections.
If your child is already 6 months or older, he or she can still receive this vaccine on the following schedule:
- Age 7-11 months: two injections at least 4 weeks apart, followed by a third injection after the child turns 1 year (at least 2 months after the second injection);
- Age 12-23 months: two injections at least 2 months apart;
- Age 2 months to 9 years (before the 10th birthday): one injection.
The timing of this vaccination is very important for it to be effective. Your child's individual booster schedule may be different from these guidelines. Follow your doctor's instructions or the schedule recommended by the health department of the state you live in.
A child who is between the ages of 24 months and 5 years old may need 1 or 2 additional doses of this vaccine if the child did not receive all recommended doses on a prior schedule, or if the child has certain medical conditions or a weak immune system.
Your doctor may recommend treating fever and pain with an aspirin-free pain reliever such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, and others) when the shot is given and for the next 24 hours. Follow the label directions or your doctor's instructions about how much of this medicine to give your child.
It is especially important to prevent fever from occurring in a child who has a seizure disorder such as epilepsy.
Be sure to keep your child on a regular schedule for other immunizations such as diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), hepatitis, and varicella (chicken pox). Your doctor or state health department can provide you with a recommended immunization schedule.
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