July 31, 2016
Recommended Topic Related To:


"Analysis of three biomarkers in the urine of kidney transplant recipients can diagnose — and even predict — transplant rejection, according to results from a clinical trial sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infect"...




(tacrolimus) Capsules and Injection

Read this Patient Information before you start taking PROGRAF and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking with your doctor about your medical condition or your treatment.

What is the most important information I should know about PROGRAF?

Prograf can cause serious side effects, including:

1. Increased risk of cancer. People who take Prograf have an increased risk of getting some kinds of cancer, including skin and lymph gland cancer (lymphoma).

2. Increased risk of infection. PROGRAF is a medicine that affects your immune system. Prograf can lower the ability of your immune system to fight infections. Serious infections can happen in people receiving Prograf that can cause death. Call your doctor right away if you have symptoms of an infection such as:

  • fever
  • sweats or chills
  • cough or flu-like symptoms
  • muscle aches
  • warm, red, or painful areas on your skin

What is PROGRAF?

PROGRAF is a prescription medicine used with other medicines to help prevent organ rejection in people who have had a kidney, liver, or heart transplant and PROGRAF is not for use with medicines called cyclosporines (Gengraf®, Neoral®, and Sandimune®). PROGRAF is not for use with a medicine called sirolimus (Rapamune®) in people who have had a liver or heart transplants.

It is not known if PROGRAF is safe and effective when used with sirolimus in people who have had kidney transplants.

It is not known if PROGRAF is safe and effective in children who have had a kidney or heart transplants.

Who Should Not Take PROGRAF?

Do not take PROGRAF if you are allergic to tacrolimus or any of the ingredients in PROGRAF. See the end of this leaflet for a complete list of ingredients in PROGRAF.

What should I tell my doctor before taking PROGRAF?

Before you take PROGRAF, tell your doctor if you:

  • plan to receive any live vaccines
  • have or have had liver, kidney or heart problems
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. PROGRAF may harm your unborn baby. Talk to your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
  • Are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. PROGRAF can pass into your breast milk. You and your doctor should decide if you will take PROGRAF or breastfeed. You should not do both.

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

Especially tell your doctor if you take:

  • cyclosporine (Gengraf®, Neoral®, and Sandimune®)
  • sirolimus (Rapamune®)
  • nelfinavir (Viracept®)
  • telaprevir (Incivek™)
  • boceprevir (Victrelis™)
  • amiodarone (Cordarone™, Nexterone™, Pacerone™)

Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure if you take any of the medicines listed above.

PROGRAF may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how PROGRAF works.

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of your medicines and show it to your doctor and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.

How Should I Take PROGRAF?

  • Take PROGRAF exactly as your doctor tells you to take it.
  • Your doctor will tell you how many PROGRAF to take and when to take them.
  • Your doctor may change your PROGRAF dose if needed. Do not stop taking or change your dose of PROGRAF without talking to your doctor.
  • Take PROGRAF with or without food.
  • Take PROGRAF the same way everyday. For example, if you choose to take PROGRAF with food, you should always take PROGRAF with food.
  • Take PROGRAF at the same time each day, 12 hours apart. For example, if you take your first dose at 7:00 a.m. you should take your second dose at 7:00 p.m.
    • Taking PROGRAF at the same time each day helps to keep enough medicine in your body to give your transplanted organ the around-the-clock medicine it needs.
  • Do not eat grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice while taking PROGRAF.
  • If you take too much PROGRAF, call your doctor or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away.

What should I avoid while taking PROGRAF?

What are the possible side effects of PROGRAF?

PROGRAF may cause serious side effects, including:

  • See “What the most important information I should know about PROGRAF?”
  • high blood sugar (diabetes). Your doctor may do certain tests to check for diabetes while you take PROGRAF. Call your doctor right away if you have:
    • frequent urination
    • increased thirst or hunger
    • blurred vision
    • confusion
    • drowsiness
    • loss of appetite
    • fruity smell on your breath
    • nausea, vomiting, or stomach pain
  • kidney problems. Your doctor may do certain tests to check your kidney function while you take PROGRAF.
  • nervous system problems. Call your doctor right away if you get any of these symptoms while taking PROGRAF. These could be signs of a serious nervous system problem:
    • confusion
    • coma
    • muscle tremors
    • numbness and tingling
    • headache
    • seizures
    • vision changes
  • high levels of potassium in your blood. Your doctor may do certain tests to check your potassium level while you take PROGRAF.
  • high blood pressure. Your doctor will monitor your blood pressure while you take PROGRAF.
  • heart problems (myocardial hypertrophy). Tell your doctor right away if you get any of these symptoms of heart problems while taking PROGRAF:
    • shortness of breath
    • chest pain
    • feel lightheaded
    • feel faint

The most common side effects of PROGRAF in people receiving kidney transplant are:

  • infection
  • tremors (shaking of the body)
  • high blood pressure
  • kidney problems
  • constipation
  • diarrhea
  • headache
  • stomach pain
  • trouble sleeping
  • nausea
  • low levels of phosphate in your blood
  • swelling of the hands, ankles, or legs
  • weakness
  • pain
  • high levels of fat in your blood
  • high levels of potassium in your blood
  • low red blood cell count (anemia)

The most common side effects of PROGRAF in people receiving liver transplants are:

  • shaking of the body tremors
  • headache
  • diarrhea
  • high blood pressure
  • nausea
  • kidney problems
  • stomach pain
  • trouble sleeping
  • numbness or tingling in your hands or feet
  • anemia
  • pain
  • fever
  • weakness
  • high levels of potassium in the blood
  • low levels of magnesium in the blood

The most common side effects of PROGRAF for heart transplant patients are:

  • kidney problems
  • high blood pressure

Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of PROGRAF. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How should I store PROGRAF?

  • Store PROGRAF at 59° F to 86°F (15°C to 30° C).
  • Safely throw away medicine that is out of date or no longer needed.

Keep PROGRAF and all medicines out of reach of children.

General information about the safe and effective use of PROGRAF

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use PROGRAF for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give PROGRAF to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them.

How Does PROGRAF Protect My New Organ?

The body's immune system protects the body against anything that it does not recognize as part of the body. For example, when the immune system detects a virus or bacteria it tries to get rid of it to prevent infection. When a person has a liver, kidney, or heart transplant, the immune system does not recognize the new organ as a part of the body and tries to get rid of it, too. This is called “rejection”. PROGRAF protects your new organ by slowing down the body's immune system.

This Patient Information leaflet summarizes the most important information about PROGRAF. If you would like more information, talk with your doctor. You can ask your pharmacist or doctor for information about PROGRAF that is written for health professionals.

For more information, go to www.astellas.com/us or call 1-800-727-7003.

What are the ingredients in PROGRAF?

Active ingredient: tacrolimus

Inactive ingredients: lactose monohydrate, hypromellose, croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate, gelatin, titanium dioxide and ferric oxide.

This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Last reviewed on RxList: 9/23/2013
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Prograf - User Reviews

Prograf User Reviews

Now you can gain knowledge and insight about a drug treatment with Patient Discussions.

Here is a collection of user reviews for the medication Prograf sorted by most helpful. Patient Discussions FAQs

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration


You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Women's Health

Find out what women really need.