"The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Dotarem (gadoterate meglumine) for use in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain, spine and associated tissues of patients ages 2 years and older.
Dotarem is a gadolinium-based"...
[Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Varicella (Oka/Merck) Virus Vaccine Live]
ProQuad (measles mumps rubella varicella vaccine live) * is a combined attenuated live virus vaccine containing measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella viruses. ProQuad (measles mumps rubella varicella vaccine live) is a sterile lyophilized preparation of (1) the components of M-M-R*ll (Measles, Mumps and Rubella Virus Vaccine Live): Measles Virus Vaccine Live, a more attenuated line of measles virus, derived from Enders' attenuated Edmonston strain and propagated in chick embryo cell culture; Mumps Virus Vaccine Live, the Jeryl Lynn™ (B level) strain of mumps vims propagated in chick embryo cell culture; Rubella Virus Vaccine Live, the Wistar RA 27/3 strain of live attenuated rubella virus propagated in WI-38 human diploid lung fibroblasts; and (2) Varicella Virus Vaccine Live (Oka/Merck), the Oka/Merck strain of varicella-zoster virus propagated in MRC-5 cells. The cells, virus pools, bovine serum, and human albumin used in manufacturing are all tested to provide assurance that the final product is free of potential adventitious agents.
ProQuad (measles mumps rubella varicella vaccine live) , when reconstituted as directed, is a sterile preparation for subcutaneous administration. Each 0.5-mL dose contains not less than 3.00 log10 TCID50 (50% tissue culture infectious dose) of measles virus; 4.30 log10 TCID50 of mumps virus; 3.00 log10 TCID50 of rubella virus; and a minimum of 3.99 log10 PFU (plaque-forming units) of Oka/Merck varicella virus.
Each 0.5-mL dose of the vaccine contains no more than 21 mg of sucrose, 11 mg of hydrolyzed gelatin, 2.4 mg of sodium chloride, 1.8 mg of sorbitol, 0.40 mg of monosodium L-glutamate, 0.34 mg of sodium phosphate dibasic, 0.31 mg of human albumin, 0.17 mg of sodium bicarbonate, 72 meg of potassium phosphate monobasic, 60 meg of potassium chloride; 36 meg of potassium phosphate dibasic; residual components of MRC-5 cells including DNA and protein; < 16 meg of neomycin, bovine calf serum (0.5 meg), and other buffer and media ingredients. The product contains no preservative.
What are the possible side effects of this vaccine (ProQuad)?
Your child should not receive a booster vaccine if he or she had a life-threatening allergic reaction after the first shot.
Keep track of any and all side effects your child has after receiving this vaccine. If the child ever needs to receive a booster dose, you will need to tell the doctor if the previous shots caused any side effects.
Becoming infected with measles, mumps, rubella, or varicella is much more dangerous to your child's health than receiving this vaccine. However, like any medicine, this vaccine can cause side effects but the risk of serious side effects is...
What are the precautions when taking measles mumps rubella varicella vaccine live (Proquad)?
Before your child receives this product, tell the doctor or pharmacist if your child is allergic to it; or to eggs; or if your child has any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients (such as neomycin), which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before receiving this product, tell the doctor or pharmacist your child's medical history, especially of: current fever/illness (such as untreated tuberculosis), bleeding/blood clotting problems (such as hemophilia, low platelets), blood cancer (such as leukemia, lymphoma), immune system problems (such as HIV infection), scheduled organ transplant, brain/nervous system disorders (such as seizures), history of Guillain-Barre syndrome.
There is a small risk...
Last reviewed on RxList: 2/14/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Additional Proquad Information
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
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