Prostate Cancer (cont.)
John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
In this Article
- Prostate cancer facts
- What is prostate cancer?
- What causes prostate cancer?
- What are the risk factors for prostate cancer?
- What are the signs and symptoms of prostate cancer?
- What specialists treat prostate cancer?
- What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose prostate cancer?
- Prostate cancer biopsy results
- The accuracy of the PSA test
- What are the stages of prostate cancer?
- What are the treatment options for prostate cancer?
- Observation and active surveillance
- Radiation therapy
- Focal therapy
- Hormonal therapy
- Immunotherapy/vaccine therapy
- Bone-targeted therapy
- Monoclonal antibody therapy
- Metastatic-castrate resistant prostate cancer
- Research techniques
- Complementary and alternative care approaches
- What is the prognosis for prostate cancer?
- Is it possible to prevent prostate cancer?
- Find a local Oncologist in your town
What are the signs and symptoms of prostate cancer?
A patient with early prostate cancer may have the following signs and symptoms:
- A frequent or excessive need to urinate, during the day and/or at night
- Difficulty in starting, maintaining, or stopping the urine stream
- A weak or interrupted urine stream
- Straining to urinate
- Inability to urinate (urinary retention)
- Loss of control of urination that may be associated with coughing or laughing, a sudden urge to urinate, or without any forewarning
- Difficulty urinating when standing, requiring sitting during urination
- Pain with urination or ejaculation
- Blood in the urine or in the semen
- Abnormal rectal examination
Many symptoms of early cancer of the prostate can also be attributed to benign (noncancerous) conditions of the prostate including benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH), or infection in the prostate gland or urinary system.
Signs and symptoms of advanced prostate cancer that has already spread from the prostate gland to elsewhere in the body (called metastatic prostate cancer) include:
- A new dull, then progressively severe, pain in the bones, especially the low back
- Unexplained weight loss
- Increasing shortness of breath while doing activities previously well tolerated
- Low-impact fracture of bone(s) without a lot of trauma (or broken bone[s] from minor trauma)
It is always best to find and diagnose prostate cancer at an early stage and hopefully still confined to its site of origin. At that point treatments can cure it. When prostate cancer is widespread or metastatic it can be treated, but it cannot be cured.
Get the latest treatment options.