July 30, 2016
font size


Pulmonary Hypertension

Medical Author:
Medical Editor:

Pulmonary hypertension facts

  • Pulmonary hypertension is abnormally elevated pressure in the pulmonary circulation.
  • The classification of primary and secondary pulmonary hypertension has been reclassified, and now is based on the main underlying disease or condition, symptoms, and treatment options for pulmonary hypertension. There are five classes or groups in this new classification system.
  • Pulmonary hypertension can have no identifiable cause and is then referred to as idiopathic pulmonary hypertension (formerly called primary pulmonary hypertension).
  • Pulmonary hypertension can be caused by certain drugs, diseases (scleroderma, dermatomyositis, systemic lupus), infections (HIV, schistosomiasis), liver disease, valvular heart disease, congenital heart disease, chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD), blood clots in the lungs, and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN).
    • Risk factors for pulmonary hypertension are liver failure, chronic lung disease, blood clotting disorders, and underlying diseases, such as scleroderma, dermatomyositis, and systemic lupus erythematosus.
    • Signs and symptoms of pulmonary hypertension include
    • shortness of breath,
    • difficulty breathing with exertion,
    • dizziness,
    • rapid breathing, and
    • rapid heart rate.
  • Pulmonary hypertension is diagnosed by measuring the pulmonary pressures by either ultrasound of the heart (echocardiogram) or right heart catheterization.
  • The treatment for pulmonary hypertension can include oxygen, diuretics, blood thinners, medications that open the pulmonary arteries, and treatments for any underlying disease.
  • The prognosis and life expectancy for a person with pulmonary hypertension is improving as newer treatment options become available; however, prognosis may depend on the underlying disease or condition that is causing pulmonary hypertension.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/30/2016

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/pulmonary_hypertension/article.htm

Women's Health

Find out what women really need.

Pulmonary Hypertension Related Articles
advertisement
advertisement
Use Pill Finder Find it Now See Interactions

Pill Identifier on RxList

  • quick, easy,
    pill identification

Find a Local Pharmacy

  • including 24 hour, pharmacies

Interaction Checker

  • Check potential drug interactions
Search the Medical Dictionary for Health Definitions & Medical Abbreviations