"The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved TOBI Podhaler (tobramycin inhalation powder) for the management of cystic fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease that affects about 30,000 pediatric and adult patients in the United "...
Patient Counseling Information
Advise patients to read the FDA-approved Patient Labeling (Instructions for Use)
Storage and Handling Information
Instruct patients on the proper techniques to store and handle PULMOZYME. PULMOZYME must be stored in the refrigerator at 2 to 8°C (36 to 46°F) and protected from light. It should be kept refrigerated during transport and should not be exposed to room temperatures for a total time of 24 hours.
Advise patients to squeeze each ampule prior to use in order to check for leaks. The solution should be discarded if it is cloudy or discolored. Once opened, the entire contents of the ampule must be used or discarded.
Instruct patients in the proper use and maintenance of the jet nebulizer/compressor system or eRapid Nebulizer System used in PULMOZYME delivery.
Instruct patients not to dilute or mix PULMOZYME with other drugs in the nebulizer. Mixing of PULMOZYME with other drugs could lead to adverse physicochemical and/or functional changes in PULMOZYME or the admixed compound.
Use with the eRapid Nebulizer System
Instruct patients and caregivers to read and follow the directions in both the PULMOZYME Instructions for Use and in the Manufacturer's eRapid Nebulizer System Instruction Booklet.
Instruct patients and caregivers to clean the handset, including the medication reservoir, medicine cap, aerosol head, and mouthpiece, after each use. Instruct patients and caregivers to disinfect the handset, including the medication reservoir, medicine cap, aerosol head, and mouthpiece, after each day of use. Instruct patients to replace the handset after 90 uses, regardless of whether the EasyCare cleaning aid is used. Since delivery data are not available for PULMOZYME administered with the eRapid handset beyond 90 administrations, delivery of the appropriate therapeutic dose of PULMOZYME cannot be assured beyond 90 administrations.
Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility
PULMOZYME produced no treatment-related increases in the incidence of tumors in a lifetime study in Sprague Dawley rats that were administered inhaled doses up to 0.246 mg/kg/day (approximately 30 times the MRHD in adults). There was no increase in the development of benign or malignant neoplasms and no occurrence of unusual tumor types in rats after lifetime exposure.
PULMOZYME tested negative in the following genotoxicity assays: the in vitro Ames assay, in vitro mouse lymphoma assay, and in vivo mouse bone marrow micronucleus assay. No evidence of impairment of fertility was observed in male and female rats that received intravenous doses up to 10 mg/kg/day (approximately 600 times the MRHD in adults).
Use In Specific Populations
There are no adequate and well-controlled studies with PULMOZYME in pregnant women. However, animal reproduction studies have been conducted with dornase alfa. In these studies, no evidence of fetal harm was observed in rats and rabbits at doses of dornase alfa up to approximately 600 times the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD).
The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the cystic fibrosis population is unknown. However, the background risk in the U.S. general population of major birth defects is 2-4% and of miscarriage is 15-20% of clinically recognized pregnancies, regardless of drug exposure.
Reproductive studies have been performed in rats and rabbits at intravenous doses of dornase alfa up to 10 mg/kg/day (approximately 600 times the MRHD in adults). In a combined embryo-fetal development and pre-and post-natal development study, no evidence of maternal toxicity, embryotoxicity, or teratogenicity was observed when dornase alfa was administered to dams throughout organogenesis (Gestation days 6 to 17). Dornase alfa did not elicit adverse effects on fetal or neonatal growth when administered to dams throughout most of gestation and delivery (Gestation days 6 to 25) and nursing (Post-partum days 6 to 21).
A pharmacokinetic study in Cynomolgus monkeys found no detectable levels of dornase alfa in fetal blood or amniotic fluid on gestation day 150 (end of gestation) from mothers that were administered an intravenous bolus dose (0.1 mg/kg) followed by an intravenous infusion dose (0.080 mg/kg) over a 6-hour period during pregnancy.
It is not known whether PULMOZYME is present in human milk. In a pharmacokinetic study in Cynomolgus monkeys, levels of dornase alfa detected in milk were less than 0.1% of the maternal serum concentration at 24 hours after dosing [intravenous bolus dose (0.1 mg/kg) of dornase alfa followed by an intravenous infusion (0.080 mg/kg/hr) over a 6-hour period] on post-partum day 14. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for PULMOZYME and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from PULMOZYME or from the underlying maternal condition.
The safety and effectiveness of PULMOZYME have been established in pediatric patients 5 years of age and older [see ADVERSE REACTIONS and Clinical Studies]. The safety of PULMOZYME, 2.5 mg by inhalation, was studied with 2 weeks of daily administration in 65 patients with cystic fibrosis aged 3 months to < 5 years [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. While clinical trial data are limited in pediatric patients younger than 5 years of age, the use of PULMOZYME should be considered for pediatric CF patients who may experience potential benefit in pulmonary function or who may be at risk of respiratory tract infection.
Cystic fibrosis is primarily a disease of children and young adults. Clinical studies of PULMOZYME did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 or older to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects.
Last reviewed on RxList: 12/29/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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