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Restoril

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Restoril

SIDE EFFECTS

During controlled clinical studies in which 1076 patients received Restoril (temazepam) at bedtime, the drug was well tolerated. Side effects were usually mild and transient. Adverse reactions occurring in 1% or more of patients are presented in the following table:

  Restoril % Incidence
(n=1076)
Placebo % Incidence
(n=783)
Drowsiness 9.1 5.6
Headache 8.5 9.1
Fatigue 4.8 4.7
Nervousness 4.6 8.2
Lethargy 4.5 3.4
Dizziness 4.5 3.3
Nausea 3.1 3.8
Hangover 2.5 1.1
Anxiety 2.0 1.5
Depression 1.7 1.8
Dry Mouth 1.7 2.2
Diarrhea 1.7 1.1
Abdominal Discomfort 1.5 1.9
Euphoria 1.5 0.4
Weakness 1.4 0.9
Confusion 1.3 0.5
Blurred Vision 1.3 1.3
Nightmares 1.2 1.7
Vertigo 1.2 0.8

The following adverse events have been reported less frequently (0.5% to 0.9%):

Central Nervous System – anorexia, ataxia, equilibrium loss, tremor, increased dreaming

Cardiovascular – dyspnea, palpitations

Gastrointestinal – vomiting

Musculoskeletal – backache

Special Senses – hyperhidrosis, burning eyes

Amnesia, hallucinations, horizontal nystagmus, and paradoxical reactions including restlessness, overstimulation and agitation were rare (less than 0.5%).

Drug Abuse And Dependence

Abuse and addiction are separate and distinct from physical dependence and tolerance. Abuse is characterized by misuse of the drug for non-medical purposes, often in combination with other psychoactive substances. Physical dependence is a state of adaptation that is manifested by a specific withdrawal syndrome that can be produced by abrupt cessation, rapid dose reduction, decreasing blood level of the drug and/or administration of an antagonist. Tolerance is a state of adaptation in which exposure to a drug induces changes that result in a diminution of one or more of the drug's effects over time. Tolerance may occur to both the desired and undesired effects of drugs and may develop at different rates for different effects.

Addiction is a primary, chronic, neurobiological disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. It is characterized by behaviors that include one or more of the following: impaired control over drug use, compulsive use, continued use despite harm, and craving. Drug addiction is a treatable disease, utilizing a multidisciplinary approach, but relapse is common.

Controlled Substance

Restoril (temazepam) is a controlled substance in Schedule IV.

Abuse and Dependence

Withdrawal symptoms, similar in character to those noted with barbiturates and alcohol (convulsions, tremor, abdominal, and muscle cramps, vomiting, and sweating), have occurred following abrupt discontinuance of benzodiazepines. The more severe withdrawal symptoms have usually been limited to those patients who received excessive doses over an extended period of time. Generally milder withdrawal symptoms (e.g., dysphoria and insomnia) have been reported following abrupt discontinuance of benzodiazepines taken continuously at therapeutic levels for several months. Consequently, after extended therapy at doses higher than 15 mg, abrupt discontinuation should generally be avoided and a gradual dosage tapering schedule followed. As with any hypnotic, caution must be exercised in administering Restoril (temazepam) to individuals known to be addiction-prone or to those whose history suggests they may increase the dosage on their own initiative. It is desirable to limit repeated prescriptions without adequate medical supervision.

Read the Restoril (temazepam) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects

DRUG INTERACTIONS

The pharmacokinetic profile of temazepam does not appear to be altered by orally administered cimetidine dosed according to labeling.

Read the Restoril Drug Interactions Center for a complete guide to possible interactions

Last reviewed on RxList: 12/13/2010
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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Restoril - User Reviews

Restoril User Reviews

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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

 

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.


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