"The number of pregnant and breastfeeding women in Malawi with HIV who started life-saving antiretroviral treatment increased by more than 700 percent in one year, according to a study in CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. The "...
Retrovir Patient Information Including Side Effects
Brand Names: Retrovir
Generic Name: zidovudine (oral) (Pronunciation: zye DOE vyoo deen)
- What is zidovudine (Retrovir)?
- What are the possible side effects of zidovudine (Retrovir)?
- What is the most important information I should know about zidovudine (Retrovir)?
- What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking zidovudine (Retrovir)?
- How should I take zidovudine (Retrovir)?
- What happens if I miss a dose (Retrovir)?
- What happens if I overdose (Retrovir)?
- What should I avoid while taking zidovudine (Retrovir)?
- What other drugs will affect zidovudine (Retrovir)?
- Where can I get more information?
What is zidovudine (Retrovir)?
Zidovudine is an antiviral medication that prevents human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cells from multiplying in your body.
Zidovudine is used to treat HIV, which causes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Zidovudine is also given during pregnancy to prevent an HIV-infected woman from passing the virus to her baby. Zidovudine is not a cure for HIV or AIDS.
Zidovudine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Retrovir 100 mg
blue/white, capsule, imprinted with LOGO Wellcome, Y9C 100
Retrovir 300 mg
round, white, imprinted with 300, GXCW3
Zidovudine 300 mg-ROX
round, white, imprinted with 54 777
What are the possible side effects of zidovudine (Retrovir)?
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
This medication may cause lactic acidosis (a build-up of lactic acid in the body, which can be fatal). Lactic acidosis can start slowly and get worse over time. Get emergency medical help if you have even mild symptoms of lactic acidosis, such as: muscle pain or weakness, numb or cold feeling in your arms and legs, trouble breathing, stomach pain, nausea with vomiting, fast or uneven heart rate, dizziness, or feeling very weak or tired.
Stop taking zidovudine and call your doctor at once if you have any of these other serious side effects:
- severe muscle pain;
- signs of a new infection such as fever, chills, body aches, flu symptoms, sores in your mouth and throat;
- pale skin, feeling light-headed, rapid heart rate, trouble concentrating;
- easy bruising, unusual bleeding (nose, mouth, vagina, or rectum), purple or red pinpoint spots under your skin;
- increased sweating, tremors in your hands, anxiety, feeling irritable, sleep problems (insomnia);
- diarrhea, unexplained weight loss, menstrual changes, impotence, loss of interest in sex;
- swelling in your neck or throat (goiter);
- problems with walking, breathing, speech, swallowing, or eye movement;
- weakness or prickly feeling in your fingers or toes;
- severe lower back pain, loss of bladder or bowel control;
- liver problems--upper stomach pain, itching, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes);
- pancreatitis--severe pain in your upper stomach spreading to your back, nausea and vomiting, fast heart rate; or
- severe skin reaction -- fever, sore throat, swelling in your face or tongue, burning in your eyes, skin pain, followed by a red or purple skin rash that spreads (especially in the face or upper body) and causes blistering and peeling.
Less serious side effects may include:
- sleep problems (insomnia);
- mild nausea, constipation;
- joint pain;
- headache; or
- changes in the shape or location of body fat (especially in your arms, legs, face, neck, breasts, and trunk).
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Read the Retrovir (zidovudine) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects
What is the most important information I should know about zidovudine (Retrovir)?
Do not take this medication if you have ever had an allergic reaction to Retrovir or any medicine that contains zidovudine, including Combivir or Trizivir.
Some people develop lactic acidosis while taking zidovudine. Early symptoms may get worse over time and this condition can be fatal. Get emergency medical help if you have even mild symptoms such as: muscle pain or weakness, numb or cold feeling in your arms and legs, trouble breathing, stomach pain, nausea with vomiting, slow or uneven heart rate, dizziness, or feeling very weak or tired.
This medication can also cause severe or life-threatening effects on your liver. Call your doctor at once if you have any of these symptoms while taking zidovudine: pain in your upper stomach, itching, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, or jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes).
Zidovudine can lower blood cells that help your body fight infections and help your blood clot. Your blood may need to be tested often. Avoid being near people who are sick or have infections. Avoid activities that may increase your risk of bleeding injury. Tell your doctor at once if you develop signs of infection.
Do not take Retrovir with any other medicine that contains zidovudine or stavudine, including: Combivir, Trizivir, or Zerit.
Additional Retrovir Information
- Retrovir Drug Interactions Center: zidovudine oral
- Retrovir Side Effects Center
- Retrovir Overview including Precautions
- Retrovir FDA Approved Prescribing Information including Dosage
Retrovir - User Reviews
Retrovir User Reviews
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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
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