Rhogam Ultra-Filtered Plus
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Rhogam Ultra-Filtered Plus
- For intramuscular use only, do not inject intravenously.
- In the case of postpartum use, the product is intended for maternal administration.
- Do not inject the newborn infant.
- Patients should be observed for at least 20 minutes after administration.
- Administer with caution to patients who have had prior severe systemic allergic reactions to human immune globulin.
- RhoGAM / MICRhoGAM contain a small quantity of IgA. There is a potential risk of hypersensitivity in IgA deficient individuals.
- Patients treated for Rh-incompatible transfusion should be monitored by clinical and laboratory means for signs and symptoms of a hemolytic reaction.
- Store at 2 to 8°C. Do not store frozen.
- Do not use after the expiration date printed on the syringe.
Use of Plasma Derived Products
RhoGAM and MICRhoGAM are made from human plasma and may carry a risk of transmitting infectious agents, e.g., viruses, and theoretically the Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) agent. The risk that such products will transmit an infectious agent has been reduced by screening plasma donors for prior exposure to certain viruses, by testing plasma for the presence of certain current virus infections and by using pathogen removal and inactivation techniques during the manufacturing process. All of the above steps are designed to increase product safety by reducing the risk of pathogen transmission. Despite these measures, such products can still potentially transmit disease. There is also the possibility that unknown infectious agents may be present in such products. All infections thought by a physician possibly to have been transmitted by these products should be reported by the physician or other healthcare provider in the United States to Ortho-Clinical Diagnostics, Inc. at 1-800-421-3311. Outside the United States, the company distributing these products should be contacted. The physician should discuss the risks and benefits of these products with the patient.
Recovery of anti-D in plasma or serum after injection of RhoGAM or other Rho(D) Immune Globulin (Human) products is highly variable among individuals. Anti-D detection in a patient's plasma is dependent on assay sensitivity and time of sample collection post- injection. Currently there are no requirements or practice standards to test for the presence of anti-D in order to determine adequacy or efficacy of dose following an injection of RhoGAM.
Some babies born to women given Rho(D) Immune Globulin (Human) antepartum have weakly positive direct antiglobulin (Coombs) tests at birth.
Fetal-maternal hemorrhage may cause false blood typing results in the mother. Late in pregnancy or following delivery, there may be sufficient fetal Rh-positive red blood cells in the circulation of the Rh-negative mother to cause a positive antiglobulin test for weak D (Du). In this instance if there is any doubt as to the patient's Rh type, RhoGAM or MICRhoGAM should be administered.9
Use In Specific Populations
Pregnancy Category C
Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with RhoGAM or MICRhoGAM. The available evidence suggests that Rho(D) Immune Globulin (Human) does not harm the fetus or affect future pregnancies or the reproduction capacity of the maternal recipient.13,14
Rh Blood Type
RhoGAM or MICRhoGAM Rho(D) Immune Globulin (Human) should only be administered to Rh-negative patients exposed or potentially exposed to Rh-positive red blood cells to prevent Rh immunization.
9 ACOG practice bulletin. Prevention of Rh D alloimmunization. Number 4, May 1999 (replaces educational bulletin Number 147, October 1990). Clinical management guidelines for obstetrician-gynecologists. American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1999; 66(1):63-70.
13 Zipursky A, Israels LG. The pathogenesis and prevention of Rh immunization. Can Med Assoc J 1967;97:1245-56.
14 Thornton JG, Page C, Foote G, Arthur GR, Tovey LAD, Scott JS. Efficacy and long term effects of antenatal prophylaxis with anti-D immunoglobulin. Brit Med J 1989;298:1671-73.
Last reviewed on RxList: 5/9/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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