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Rickets (Calcium, Phosphate, or
Vitamin D Deficiency)

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Rickets facts

  • Rickets is caused by a deficiency of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate.
  • There are several different types of rickets.
  • There are different bony abnormalities associated with rickets, but all are due to poor mineralization with calcium and phosphate.
  • The active form of vitamin D is synthesized by skin cells when exposed to sunlight.
  • Vitamin D is found in small amounts in a some foods.
  • Infants who are exclusively breastfed should receive vitamin D supplements.
  • Children and adolescents who do not obtain enough vitamin D though milk and foods should receive vitamin D supplements.

What is rickets?

Rickets is a disorder caused by a deficiency of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate. Rickets leads to softening and weakening of the bones and is seen most commonly in children 6-24 months of age. There are several subtypes of rickets, including hypophosphatemic rickets (vitamin-D-resistant rickets), renal or kidney rickets (renal osteodystrophy), and most commonly, nutritional rickets (caused by dietary deficiency of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate). Classic nutritional rickets is also medically termed osteomalacia.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/17/2012

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Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/rickets/article.htm

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