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Ringers in Dextrose

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Ringers in Dextrose

Ringer's and 5% Dextrose Injection, USP
in AVIVA Plastic Container

DRUG DESCRIPTION

Ringer's and 5% Dextrose Injection, USP is sterile, nonpyrogenic solution for fluid and electrolyte replenishment and caloric supply in a single dose container for intravenous administration. Each 100 mL contains 5g Dextrose Hydrous, USP*; 860 mg of Sodium Chloride, USP (NaCl); 33 mg of Calcium Chloride, USP (CaCl2•2H2O); and 30 mg of Potassium Chloride, USP (KCl). It contains no antimicrobial agents. The pH is 4.0 (3.5 to 6.5).

D-Glucopyranose monohydrate Structural Formula Illustration

D-Glucopyranose monohydrate

Ringer's and 5% Dextrose Injection, USP administered intravenously has value as a source of water, electrolytes, and calories. One liter has an ionic concentration of 147.5 mEq sodium, 4.5 mEq calcium, 4 mEq potassium, and 156 mEq chloride. The osmolarity is 561 mOsmol/L (calc). Normal physiologic range is approximately 280 to 310 mOsmol/L. Administration of substantially hypertonic solutions may cause vein damage. The caloric content is 170 kcal/L.

The flexible container is made with non-latex plastic materials specially designed for a wide range of parenteral drugs including those requiring delivery in containers made of polyolefins or polypropylene. For example, the AVIVA container system is compatible with and appropriate for use in the admixture and administration of paclitaxel. In addition, the AVIVA container system is compatible with and appropriate for use in the admixture and administration of all drugs deemed compatible with existing polyvinyl chloride container systems. The solution contact materials do not contain PVC, DEHP, or other plasticizers.

The suitability of the container materials has been established through biological evaluations, which have shown the container passes Class VI U.S. Pharmacopeia (USP) testing for plastic containers. These tests confirm the biological safety of the container system.

The flexible container is a closed system, and air is prefilled in the container to facilitate drainage. The container does not require entry of external air during administration.

The container has two ports: one is the administration outlet port for attachment of an intravenous administration set and the other port has a medication site for addition of supplemental medication (See Directions for Use). The primary function of the overwrap is to protect the container from the physical environment.

Last reviewed on RxList: 3/4/2009
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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