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(ceftriaxone sodium) for Injection
To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Rocephin (ceftriaxone) and other antibacterial drugs, Rocephin (ceftriaxone) should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria.
Rocephin (ceftriaxone) is a sterile, semisynthetic, broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic for intravenous or intramuscular administration. Ceftriaxone sodium is (6R,7R)-7-[2-(2-Amino-4thiazolyl)glyoxylamido]-8-oxo-3-[[(1,2,5,6-tetrahydro-2-methyl-5,6-dioxo-as-triazin-3yl)thio]methyl]-5-thia-1-azabicyclo[4.2.0]oct-2-ene-2-carboxylic acid, 72-(Z)-(O-methyloxime), disodium salt, sesquaterhydrate.
The chemical formula of ceftriaxone sodium is C18H16N8Na2O7S3•3.5H2O. It has a calculated molecular weight of 661.59 and the following structural formula:
Rocephin (ceftriaxone) is a white to yellowish-orange crystalline powder which is readily soluble in water, sparingly soluble in methanol and very slightly soluble in ethanol. The pH of a 1% aqueous solution is approximately 6.7. The color of Rocephin (ceftriaxone) solutions ranges from light yellow to amber, depending on the length of storage, concentration and diluent used.
Rocephin (ceftriaxone) contains approximately 83 mg (3.6 mEq) of sodium per gram of ceftriaxone activity.
What are the possible side effects of ceftriaxone (Rocephin)?
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:
- diarrhea that is watery or bloody;
- fever, chills, swollen glands, rash or itching, joint pain, or general ill feeling;
- white patches or sores inside your mouth or on your lips;
- unusual bleeding (nose, mouth, vagina, or rectum), purple or red pinpoint spots under your skin;
- skin rash, bruising, severe tingling,...
What are the precautions when taking ceftriaxone (Rocephin)?
Before using ceftriaxone, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other cephalosporins; or to penicillins; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: gallbladder disease, kidney disease, liver disease, stomach/intestinal diseases (e.g., colitis).
Avoid giving any products by vein that contain calcium (including solutions such as Ringer's solution, Hartmann's solution, parenteral nutrition-TPN/PPN) to a newborn less than 1 month old who is receiving this medication. Doing so can cause serious problems in the vital...
Last reviewed on RxList: 12/21/2010
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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