Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Jerry R. Balentine, DO, FACEP
Dr. Balentine received his undergraduate degree from McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. He attended medical school at the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine graduating in1983. He completed his internship at St. Joseph's Hospital in Philadelphia and his Emergency Medicine residency at Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center in the Bronx, where he served as chief resident.
Steven Doerr, MD
Steven Doerr, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Doerr received his undergraduate degree in Spanish from the University of Colorado at Boulder. He graduated with his Medical Degree from the University Of Colorado Health Sciences Center in Denver, Colorado in 1998 and completed his residency training in Emergency Medicine from Denver Health Medical Center in Denver, Colorado in 2002, where he also served as Chief Resident.
- Rocky Mountain spotted fever facts
- What is Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
- Where do most cases of RMSF occur in the U.S.?
- What causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
- How is Rocky Mountain spotted fever transmitted?
- What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever risk factors?
- Is Rocky Mountain spotted fever contagious?
- What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever symptoms and signs?
- What is the incubation period for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
- What specialists treat Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
- How do health-care providers diagnose Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
- What is the treatment for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
- What is the prognosis of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
- What are the long-term effects of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
- Is there a vaccine for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
- Is it possible to prevent Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
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Rocky Mountain spotted fever facts
- RMSF is a potentially serious tick-borne disease, and it is the most common cause of fatal tick-borne diseases in the United States.
- The incidence of RMSF has increased from less than two cases per million people in the year 2000 (approximately 500 cases) to over six cases per million people in 2010 (approximately 2,000 cases).
- Although RMSF cases have been reported throughout the United States, the highest incidence of cases in 2010 were in Arkansas, Delaware, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, and Tennessee.
- RMSF is treatable with antibiotics, but it can have serious long-term effects and can potentially lead to death if not treated quickly and properly.
What is Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is a tick-borne disease caused by the bacterium Rickettsia rickettsii. This illness, which is found in North, Central, and South America, is transmitted via the bite of an infected tick. The illness affects the lining of blood vessels (causing a condition termed vasculitis), causing the blood vessels to leak, which ultimately can cause damage to nearly all internal organs. It is the most common cause of fatal tick-borne diseases in the United States. The fatality rate is less than 1%.
Where do most cases of RMSF occur in the U.S.?
Cases of RMSF have been reported in many areas of the country, and the disease is not restricted to the Rocky Mountain region, as its name may imply. In fact, Arkansas, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, and Tennessee account for over 60% of reported cases. In 2010, there were approximately 2,000 cases reported in the U.S., which is more than twice as many cases reported annually in the 1990s.
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