"The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today approved asfotase alfa (Strensiq, Alexion Pharmaceuticals) as the first-ever therapy for patients who develop hypophosphatasia, a rare metabolic bone disorder, in childhood.
Sandimmune Patient Information Including Side Effects
Brand Names: Gengraf, Neoral, Sandimmune
Generic Name: cyclosporine (Pronunciation: SYE kloe SPOR een)
- What is cyclosporine (Sandimmune)?
- What are the possible side effects of cyclosporine (Sandimmune)?
- What is the most important information I should know about cyclosporine (Sandimmune)?
- What should I discuss with my health care provider before taking cyclosporine (Sandimmune)?
- How should I take cyclosporine (Sandimmune)?
- What happens if I miss a dose (Sandimmune)?
- What happens if I overdose (Sandimmune)?
- What should I avoid while taking cyclosporine (Sandimmune)?
- What other drugs will affect cyclosporine (Sandimmune)?
- Where can I get more information?
What is cyclosporine (Sandimmune)?
Cyclosporine lowers your body's immune system. The immune system helps your body fight infections. The immune system can also fight or "reject" a transplanted organ such as a liver or kidney. This is because the immune system treats the new organ as an invader.
Cyclosporine is used to prevent organ rejection after a kidney, heart, or liver transplant. Cyclosporine is also used to treat severe psoriasis or severe rheumatoid arthritis.
Cyclosporine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Cyclosporine 100 mg-APO
capsule, brown, imprinted with APO 134, 100
Cyclosporine 25 mg-APO
capsule, brown, imprinted with APO 133, 25
Cyclosporine Mod 100 mg-IVA
gold, imprinted with Logo 100 mg
Cyclosporine Mod 25 mg-IVA
oval, gold, imprinted with Logo 25 mg
Cyclosporine Mod 50 mg-IVA
gold, imprinted with Logo 50 mg
What are the possible side effects of cyclosporine (Sandimmune)?
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:
- fever, sweating, chills, body aches, flu symptoms, sores in your mouth and throat, weight loss;
- change in your mental state, problems with speech or walking, decreased vision (may start gradually and get worse quickly);
- easy bruising or bleeding, pale skin, confusion or weakness;
- feeling light-headed or short of breath, rapid heart rate, trouble concentrating;
- pain in the lower back or side, blood in your urine, pain or burning when you urinate;
- urinating less than usual or not at all, rapid weight gain;
- swelling, warmth, redness, or oozing of the skin;
- vomiting and bloody diarrhea;
- seizure (convulsions);
- high potassium (slow heart rate, weak pulse, muscle weakness, tingly feeling);
- nausea, upper stomach pain, itching, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes); or
- dangerously high blood pressure (severe headache, blurred vision, buzzing in your ears, anxiety, chest pain, shortness of breath, uneven heartbeats).
Less serious side effects may include:
- swollen or painful gums;
- mild headache;
- stomach pain, constipation, mild diarrhea; or
- tremors or shaking, muscle spasm, numbness or tingly feeling.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Read the Sandimmune (cyclosporine) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects
What is the most important information I should know about cyclosporine (Sandimmune)?
Cyclosporine may increase your risk of developing serious infections, cancer, or transplant failure. Talk with your doctor about the risks and benefits of using this medication.
You may not be able to use this medication if you have kidney disease, untreated or uncontrolled hypertension (high blood pressure), any type of cancer, or psoriasis that has been treated with PUVA, UVB, radiation, methotrexate (Trexall), or coal tar. MAKE SURE ALL DOCTORS INVOLVED IN YOUR CARE KNOW YOU ARE TAKING CYCLOSPORINE.
You will need regular medical tests to be sure cyclosporine is not causing harmful effects. Do not miss any follow up visits to your doctor for blood or urine tests. Avoid being near people who are sick or have infections.
Cyclosporine can harm your kidneys, and this effect is increased when you also use certain other medicines harmful to the kidneys. Many other drugs (including some over-the-counter medicines) can be harmful to the kidneys.
Cyclosporine can cause serious side effects, including kidney failure or life-threatening infection. Call your doctor at once if you have any signs of kidney failure (urinating less than usual or not at all, swelling, rapid weight gain, feeling short of breath) or signs of infection (fever, sweating, chills, tired feeling, cough, sores in your mouth and throat, flu symptoms, weight loss).
Call your doctor right away if you have symptoms of a serious brain infection, such as a change in your mental state, problems with speech or walking, or decreased vision. These symptoms may start gradually and get worse quickly.
Additional Sandimmune Information
- Sandimmune Drug Interactions Center: cyclosporine oral
- Sandimmune Side Effects Center
- Sandimmune Overview including Precautions
- Sandimmune FDA Approved Prescribing Information including Dosage
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