Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD
Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
In this Article
- Schizophrenia facts
- What is the definition of schizophrenia?
- How common is schizophrenia in children?
- What is the history of schizophrenia?
- What are schizophrenia causes? Is schizophrenia hereditary?
- What are schizophrenia symptoms and signs?
- How is schizophrenia diagnosed? Are there particular tests that detect schizophrenia?
- What are treatments for schizophrenia and the side effects of those treatments?
- What are potential complications of schizophrenia? What is the prognosis for schizophrenia?
- What research is being done on schizophrenia?
- Where can people get more information about schizophrenia? How can people find a support group or other assistance for schizophrenia?
- Schizophrenia FAQs
- Find a local Psychiatrist in your town
Where can people get more information about schizophrenia? How can people find a support group or other assistance for schizophrenia?
1600 South Avenue, Suite 230
Rochester, NY 14620-3924
Phone: 1-800-836-0475 (toll free)
National Institute of Mental Health
9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
NAMI (National Alliance on Mental Illness)
Addington, A.M., M. Gornick, J. Duckworth, et al. "GAD1 (2q31.1), which encodes glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD-67), is associated with childhood onset schizophrenia and cortical gray matter volume loss." Molecular Psychiatry 10 (2005): 581-588.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association, 2013.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision; Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association, 2000.
Baker, F.M., and C.C. Bell. "Issues in the psychiatric treatment of African Americans." Psychiatric Services 50 Mar. 1999: 362-368.
Beresford, C., S. Hepburn, and R.G. Ross. "Follow-up for 6 and 8 years." Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry 10 (2005): 429-439.
Brisch, R., A. Saniotis, R. Wolf, et al. "The role of dopamine in schizophrenia from a neurobiological and evolutionary perspective: old fashioned, but still in vogue." Frontiers in Psychiatry May 2014.
Bond, G. "Assertive community treatment for people with severe mental illness." Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis Mar. 2002. Indianapolis, Indiana.
Cascade, E.F., A.H. Kalali, and P.F. Buckley. "Current management of schizophrenia: Antipsychotic monotherapy versus combination therapy." Psychiatry 5.5 May 2008: 28-30.
Chanpattanaa, W., and M.L.S. Chakrabhandb. "Combined ECT and neuroleptic therapy in treatment-refractory schizophrenia: prediction of outcome." Psychiatry Research 105.1 Dec. 2001: 107-115.
Davies, E.J. "Developmental aspects of schizophrenia and related disorders: possible implications for treatment strategies." British Journal of Psychiatry Aug. 2007.
Dixon, L., D. Perkins, and C. Calmes. "Guideline Watch: Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients With Schizophrenia." PsychiatryOnline.com. Sept. 2009. <http://www.psychiatryonline.com/content.aspx?aid=501001>.
Friedman, J.I., T. Vrijenhoek, S. Markx, et al. "CNTNAP2 gene dosage variation is associated with schizophrenia and epilepsy." Molecular Psychiatry 13 Mar. 2008: 261-266.
Gentile, S. "Antipsychotic therapy during early and late pregnancy. A systemic review." Oxford University Press, 2008.
Hedgecoe, A. "Schizophrenia and the narrative of enlightened geneticazation." Social Studies of Science 31 (2001): 875.
Hollis, C. "Developmental precursors of child- and adolescent-onset schizophrenia and affective psychoses: diagnostic specificity and continuity with symptom dimensions." The British Journal of Psychiatry 182 (2003): 37-44.
Jablensky, A.V., V. Morgan, S.R. Zubrick, C. Bower, et al. "Pregnancy, delivery and neonatal complications in a population cohort of women with schizophrenia and major affective disorders." Am J Psychiatry 162.1 Jan. 2005: 79-91.
Khorrami, S. "Genius, madness, and masculinity: A beautiful mind examined through a men's issue model." Men and Masculinities 5 (2002): 116.
Kyziridis, T.C. "Notes on the history of schizophrenia." German Journal of Psychiatry 8 (2005): 42-48.
Leucht, S., C. Corves, D. Arbter, et al. "Second-generation versus first-generation antipsychotic drugs for schizophrenia: a meta-analysis." Lancet 373 (2009): 31-41.
Lin, K.M, and F. Cheung. "Mental health issues for Asian Americans." Psychiatric Services 50 June 1999: 774-780.
Marin, H. "Hispanics and psychiatric medications: An overview." Psychiatric Times 20.10 Oct. 2003.
Mattai, A.K., J.L. Hill, and R.K. Lenroot. "Treatment of early onset schizophrenia." Current Opinion in Psychiatry 23 July 2010.
McGrath, J., S. Saha, D. Chant, and J. Welham. "Schizophrenia: A concise overview of incidence, prevalence and mortality." Epidemiologic Reviews 30.1 (2008): 67-76.
McGurk, S.R., K.T. Mueser, P.D. Harvey, et al. "Cognitive and symptom predictors of work outcomes for clients with schizophrenia in supported employment." Psychiatric Services 54 Aug. 2003: 1129-1135.
Meyer, I.H. "Prejudice, social stress and mental health in lesbian, gay and bisexual populations: conceptual issues and research evidence." Psychological Bulletin 129.5 (2003): 674-697.
Newcomer, J.W. "Metabolic risk during antipsychotic treatment." Clinical Therapeutics 26.12 Dec. 2004: 1936-1946.
Pfister, R.D. "Teenagers' media consumption and perception of mental illness." American University, Washington, D.C. 2014.
President and Fellows of Harvard College. "Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder May Share Genetic Origins." Harvard Mental Health Lett 25.12 June 2009: 7.
Read, J., and R. Bentall. "Schizophrenia and childhood adversity." American Journal of Psychiatry 167 June 2010: 717-718.
Ross, R.G. "Psychotic and manic-like symptoms during stimulant treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder." American Journal of Psychiatry 163.7 (2006): 1149-1152.
Semple, D.M., A.N. McIntosh, and S.M. Lawrie. "Cannabis as a risk factor for psychosis: systemic review." Journal of Psychopharmacology 19 (2005): 187.
Sorensen, H.J., E.L. Mortensen, J.M. Reinisch, and S.A. Mednick. "Association between prenatal exposure to bacterial infection and risk of schizophrenia." Schizophrenia Bulletin 35.3 May 2009: 631-637.
Veling, W., E. Susser, J. van Os, J.P. Mackenbach, et al. "Ethnic density of neighborhoods and incidence of psychotic disorders among immigrants." American Journal of Psychiatry Dec. 2007: 1-8.
Velligan, D.I., and L.D. Alphs. "Negative symptoms in schizophrenia: the importance of identification and treatment." Psychiatric Times 25.3 Mar. 2008.
Volkow, N.D. "Substance use disorders in schizophrenia: Clinical implications of comorbidity." Schizophrenia Bulletin 35.3 May 2009: 469-472.
Wasserman, S., A. Weisman de Mamani, and P. Mundy. "Parents' criticisms and attributions about their adult children with high functioning autism or schizophrenia." Autism 14 (2010): 127-138.
Woodberry, K.A., A.J. Giuliano, and L.J. Seidman. "Premorbid IQ in schizophrenia: a meta-analytic review." American Journal of Psychiatry 165 (2008): 579-587.
Get tips on therapy and treatment.