Schizotypal Personality Disorder
Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD
Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
- Schizotypal personality disorder facts
- What is schizotypal personality disorder?
- What are causes and risk factors for schizotypal personality disorder?
- What are schizotypal personality disorder symptoms and signs?
- How do health professionals diagnose schizotypal personality disorder?
- What is the treatment for schizotypal personality disorder?
- What are complications of schizotypal personality disorder? What is the prognosis of schizotypal personality disorder?
- Is it possible to prevent schizotypal personality disorder?
- Where can people get more information on schizotypal personality disorder?
Schizotypal personality disorder facts
- Schizotypal personality disorder is a personality disorder that is characterized by a pattern of odd, eccentric feelings, behaviors, perceptions, and relating to others that markedly interferes with the person's ability to function.
- Like most other mental disorders, schizotypal personality disorder is understood to be the result of a combination of biological vulnerabilities, ways of thinking, and social stressors.
- There is no specific definitive test, like a blood test, that can accurately assess that a person has schizotypal personality disorder. To determine the presence of schizotypal personality disorder, health-care professionals conduct a mental-health interview that looks for the history and presence of the symptoms, also called diagnostic criteria. The presence of any medical problem that could contribute to the symptoms will be explored.
- Both psychodynamic and cognitive behavioral forms of psychotherapy have been found to be useful in helping the sufferer manage some of the symptoms of schizotypal personality disorder.
- While medications do not "cure" personality disorders, including schizotypal personality disorder, they may be appropriate to address some of the mental-health symptoms that can accompany it.
- Without treatment, individuals with this illness are at risk for having trouble getting and keeping relationships and employment.
- Societal interventions like prevention of child abuse and substance abuse in families can help decrease the occurrence of a number of very different mental-health problems, including schizotypal personality disorder.
What is schizotypal personality disorder?
Schizotypal personality disorder is a mental disorder that belongs to the group of mental illnesses called personality disorders. Therefore, like other personality disorders, it is characterized by a consistent pattern of thinking, feeling, and interacting with others and with the world that tends to cause significant problems for the sufferer. Specifically, schizotypal personality disorder tends to be associated with a pattern of odd, eccentric feelings, perceptions, behaviors, and relating to other people that interferes with the individual's ability to function. Individuals with this illness have a tendency to be loners. They may also be paranoid, although their level of suspiciousness might not rise to the level of being completely out of touch with reality (delusional). As with other personality disorders, the person with schizotypal personality disorder is usually an adolescent or adult before they can be assessed as meeting the full symptom criteria for the diagnosis of this illness.
Schizotypal personality disorder tends to occur in about 3% of adults, more often in males than in females. It is thought to be part of a continuum of illnesses related to schizophrenia, so it is dually grouped with other personality disorders and with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders.
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