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Diabetes Insulin Medications (cont.)

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Medical Editor:

What are warnings and precautions the diabetes drug insulin?

  • Insulin should not be used if low blood sugar is present.
  • Any adjustment of insulin, whether to a different brand, type, strength, or method of administration, must be made under medical supervision.
  • Injury, illness, surgery, and changes in activity level can affect blood sugar levels, which might require an adjustment in insulin dose.
  • Patients should inform medical providers of previous medical history before using insulin, especially adrenal/pituitary gland problems, infections, kidney or liver disease, thyroid issues, and nerve problems such as tingling or numbness.
  • Patients should advise medical providers if they are pregnant.
  • Alcohol can increase the risk of developing low blood sugar.
  • Children and the elderly may be more sensitive to insulin.
  • Discard open vials of insulin after 28 days.
  • Do not use insulin after its expiration date.

What are some examples of insulin?

Rapid-acting insulins

Short-acting insulin

Intermediate-acting insulin

Long-acting insulin

Insulin Mixtures

SOURCES:
American Diabetes Association www.diabetes.org
Kaiser Permanente www.kaiserpermanente.org
WebMD www.webmd.com
Diabetes Forecast April 2009 http://forecast.diabetes.org/features/checkin-your-blood-glucose
Daily Med www.dailymed.nlm.nih.gov


Last Editorial Review: 7/29/2009



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