ADHD Medications (cont.)
Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.
In this Article
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications facts
- What are ADHD medications?
- What are the different types of ADHD drugs?
- What are the differences among the ADHD drugs?
- Are any side effects associated with ADHD medications?
- What are the precautions for ADHD drugs?
- Are ADHD medications associated with drug interactions?
What are the different types of ADHD drugs?
The types of ADHD medicines include stimulants and nonstimulants. Some medications that usually treat depression have been found to be helpful in treating some people with ADHD as well. Stimulant medications include methylphenidate and its derivatives, like methylphenidate (Ritalin, Methylin and Metadate) and extended-release methylphenidate (Ritalin-LA, Focalin, Metadate-CD, Daytrana and Concerta). It also includes amphetamine derivatives like dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine), combination amphetamine and dextroamphetamine salts (Adderall), and lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse).
Nonstimulant medications used in the treatment of ADHD symptoms include atomoxetine (Strattera), guanfacine (Tenex or Intuniv), and clonidine (Catapres or Kapvay), as well as medications that are used primarily in the treatment of depression or anxiety, including bupropion (Wellbutrin) and venlafaxine (Effexor).
What are the differences among the ADHD drugs?
In addition to the chemical differences among ADHD medications just described, there are differences in how long the effects of a dose of medication lasts and how they are taken. The length of time a dose of medication can last ranges from about two to four hours as with Ritalin, four to six hours as with Adderall or Dexedrine, 10-12 hours with Focalin-XR and Concerta, and up to 12-13 hours with Vyvanse.
Ways of giving ADHD drugs have increased. While medications to treat this disorder used to come only in pill form, there is now the option of the Daytrana and Catapres topical patches for children, teenagers, or adults who have trouble swallowing. Just in the past year, Quillivant-XR (methylphenidate) and Methylin liquid, which are two liquid forms of stimulant medications, have received FDA approval to treat ADHD.
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