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2009-2010 Inactivated Influenza Vaccine (cont.)

Who should get inactivated influenza vaccine?

Anyone who wants to reduce the likelihood of becoming ill with influenza or spreading influenza to others.

All children 6 months and older and all older adults:

  • All children from 6 months through 18 years of age.
  • Anyone 50 years of age or older.

Anyone who is at risk of complications from influenza, or more likely to require medical care:

  • Women who will be pregnant during influenza season.
  • Anyone with long-term health problems with:
    - heart disease
    - kidney disease
    - liver disease
    - lung disease
    - metabolic disease, such as diabetes
    - asthma
    - anemia, and other blood disorders
  • Anyone with a weakened immune system due to:
    - HIV/AIDS or other diseases affecting the immune system
    - long-term treatment with drugs such as steroids
    - cancer treatment with x-rays or drugs
  • Anyone with certain muscle or nerve disorders (such as seizure disorders or cerebral palsy) that can lead to breathing or swallowing problems.
  • Anyone 6 months through 18 years of age on long-term aspirin treatment (they could develop Reye Syndrome if they got influenza).
  • Residents of nursing homes and other chronic-care facilities.

Anyone who lives with or cares for people at high risk for influenza-related complications:

  • Health care providers
  • Household contacts and caregivers of children from birth up to 5 years of age.
  • Household contacts and caregivers of:
    - people 50 years and older, or
    - anyone with medical conditions that put them at higher risk for severe complication from influenza

Health care providers may also recommend a yearly influenza vaccination for:

  • People who provide essential community services.
  • People living in dormitories, correctional facilities, or under other crowded conditions, to prevent outbreaks.
  • People at high risk of influenza complications who travel to the Southern hemisphere between April and September, or to the tropics or in organized tourist groups at any time.

You can get the vaccine as soon as it is available, usually in the fall, and for as long as illness is occurring in your community. Influenza can occur any time from November through May, but it most often peaks in January or February. Getting vaccinated in December, or even later, will still be beneficial in most years.

Most people need one dose of influenza vaccine each year. Children younger than 9 years of age getting influenza vaccine for the first time – or who got influenza vaccine for the first time last season but got only one dose – should get 2 doses, at least 4 weeks apart, to be protected.

Influenza vaccine may be given at the same time as other vaccines, including pneumococcal vaccine.

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