Global WASH-Related Diseases and Contaminants (cont.)
In this Article
- Waterborne Diseases: What They Are and Diseases They Cause
- Sanitation & Hygiene-Related Diseases
- Vector or Insect-borne Diseases Associated with Water
- Neglected Tropical Diseases
Neglected Tropical Diseases
Worldwide, approximately 1 billion people are affected by one or more neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) (3). According to the World Health Organization, the diseases below are named neglected because they "persist exclusively in the poorest and the most marginalized communities, and have been largely eliminated and thus forgotten in wealthier places" (4). Neglected tropical diseases are most often found in places with unsafe drinking water, poor sanitation and insufficient hygiene practices. These diseases can cause severe pain, disabilities, and death. Please note the diseases with double asterisks (**), are those NTDs that are directly water and/or hygiene-related.
Neglected tropical diseases are those such as:
- Buruli Ulcer*, **
- Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis)
- Dengue/dengue haemorrhagic fever**
- Dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease)**
- Human African Trypanosomiasis
- Lymphatic filariasis**
- Neglected zoonoses
- Soil transmitted helminthiasis
* According to the World Health Organization, Buruli Ulcer is believed to be present within aquatic environments (e.g., small aquatic animals, biofilms) from where it can be spread to humans by an unknown mechanism.
** Neglected Tropical Diseases that are directly water and/or hygiene-related.
Centers for Disease Control
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Last Editorial Review: 11/25/2009 10:59:21 AM
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