The Polio Vaccine (cont.)
In this Article
- What is Polio?
- Why get vaccinated against Polio?
- Who should get the polio vaccine?
- Some people should not get the IPV vaccine or should wait.
- What are the risks from the polio vaccine?
- What if there is serious reaction?
- The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program?
- How can I learn more?
Who should get the polio vaccine
IPV is a shot, given in the leg or arm, depending on age. Polio vaccine may be given at the same time as other vaccines.
Most people should get polio vaccine when they are children. Children get 4 doses of IPV, at these ages:
- A dose at 2 months
- A dose at 4 months
- A dose at 6-18 months
- A booster dose at 4-6 years
Most adults do not need polio vaccine because they were already vaccinated as children. But three groups of adults are at higher risk and should consider polio vaccination:
- people traveling to areas of the world where polio is common,
- laboratory workers who might handle polio virus, and
- health care workers treating patients who could have polio.
Adults in these three groups who have never been vaccinated against polio should get 3 doses of IPV:
- The first dose at any time,
- The second dose 1 to 2 months later,
- The third dose 6 to 12 months after the second.
Adults in these three groups who have had 3 or more doses of polio vaccine (either IPV or OPV) in the past may get a booster dose of IPV. Ask your health care provider for more information.
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