font size

Definition of Ramsay Hunt syndrome

Ramsay Hunt syndrome: A herpes virus infection of the geniculate nerve ganglion that causes paralysis of the facial muscles on the same side of the face as the infection. The geniculate ganglion is a sensory ganglion associated with the VIIth cranial nerve.

The Ramsay Hunt syndrome is usually associated with a rash and blisters.

The syndrome is named for the pre-eminent 20th-century American neurologist James Ramsay Hunt (1872-1937). One common error in writing his name is to spell Ramsay as Ramsey and another common error is to put a hyphen between the Ramsay and the Hunt. There is none.

There are three variations or types of Ramsay Hunt syndromes, including:

Including:

  • Ramsay Hunt syndrome I: A disorder characterized by myoclonus and signs of cerebellar dysfunction, especially intention tremor and ataxia, and occasional tonic-clonic seizures. Also known as myoclonus and ataxia. Described by Ramsay Hunt in 1921.

  • Ramsay Hunt syndrome II: This is far and away the best known syndrome associated with Ramsay Hunt's name. It is due to a herpes virus infection of the geniculate nerve ganglion that causes paralysis of the facial muscles on the same side of the face as the infection.

  • Ramsay Hunt syndrome III: Occupational compression neuritis of the deep palmar branch of the ulnar nerve.
Source: MedTerms™ Medical Dictionary
http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=6358
Last Editorial Review: 10/8/2012

Drug Medical Dictionary of Terms by Letter

Top RxList Drug News

Women's Health

Find out what women really need.

advertisement
advertisement
Use Pill Finder Find it Now See Interactions

Pill Identifier on RxList

  • quick, easy,
    pill identification

Find a Local Pharmacy

  • including 24 hour, pharmacies

Interaction Checker

  • Check potential drug interactions
Search the Medical Dictionary for Health Definitions & Medical Abbreviations